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Species: Pheidole melastomae   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole melastomae Wilson, 2003A: 451, figs. (s.w.) PANAMA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole melastomaeHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L melastomaeHNS, referring to the preferred melastome nesting site.

Diagnosis A medium-sized, yellow member of the flavensHNS group characterized by a nearly complete absence in major and minor of sculpturing anywhere behind the anterior half of the head, the reduction of the propodeal spine to an obtuse angle, the very small size of the propodeal spiracle, shallow occipital concavity in full-face view, and abundant long pilosity. The major is further distinguished by its overall flattened mesosomal dorsal profile and laterally angulate postpetiole. Similar species: amabilisHNS, bolivianaHNS, mixtecaHNS, scitulaHNS, terresiHNS, and tysoniHNS. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.80, HL 0.84, SL 0.42, EL 0.10, PW 0.42. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.

color Major: body mostly clear medium yellow, with dorsum of head and mandibles brownish yellow. Minor: concolorous light to medium yellow.

Range Known from the type locality in Panama and from Colombia (near San Jose, Choco, localities in Valle) and Ecuador (Endesa, Pichincha).

Biology Hilly rainforest, nesting in myrmecophytic melastomes (Leeanne Tennant-Alonso in Panama and Colombia). Winged males were present in a nest in Colombia in early June and in Panama in early July.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. PANAMA: Estacion Nusagandi, Comarca de Kuna Yala, 350 m (Leeanne Tennant-Alonso). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in montane wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ex melastome antplant.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 350 - 840 meters, 676 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole melastomae: jtlc000016450; Paratype Pheidole melastomae Wilson 2003: casent0645826



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