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Species: Pheidole mantilla   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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See Also:

Pheidole mantilla_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole mantilla Wilson, 2003A: 323, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica: northern Pacific lowlands.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species occurs in open habitats of seasonally dry areas. Workers forage on the ground and in low vegetation.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole mantillaHNS new species

Types LNBio.

Etymology L mantillaHNS, cloak, referring to the dense pilosity of the head and mesosoma.

diagnosis Closely similar to caribbaeaHNS of Jamaica, differing in the major in its narrower occiput seen in full-face view; carinulae of the cephalic dorsum reaching all the way to the occiput border; shorter scape; oval (rather than trapezoidal) postpetiole; and lighter (reddish-yellow as opposed to brown) color.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.32, HL 1,42, SL 1.02, EL 0.20, PW 0.62.

Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.80, SL 1.04, EL 0.16, PW 0.40.

Color Major: concolorous medium reddish yellow ("orange").

Minor: concolorous brownish yellow.

Range Northern Pacific lowlands of Costa Rica.

biology Longino (1997) found the species in open habitats of seasonally dry areas. Workers forage on the ground and up into low vegetation.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: La Pita, on road to Monteverde, Puntarenas, 200 m (J. T. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in dry forest stream edge, 3 times found in dry forest, 2 times found in roadside vegetation, 1 times found in montane moist forest, 1 times found in mature dry forest, 1 times found in moist forest and second growth veg..

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in rock crevice, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times at bait, 1 times sweeping vegetation, 1 times strays, 1 times on vegetation, 1 times night walk along trail that skirts south side of estuary, looping around to road.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 4 times search, 2 times Winkler, 1 times maxiWinkler, 1 times sweep.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 800 meters, 145 meters average

Type specimens: holotype major Pheidole mantilla: inbiocri002279466



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