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Species: Pheidole longinoi   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole longinoi Wilson, 2003A: 445, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole longinoiHNS new species

Types iNBio.

etymology In honor of the collector John T. (Jack) Longino, pioneer explorer of the Costa Rican ant fauna.

Diagnosis A small, medium yellow member of the flavensHNS group, most similar to otisiHNS and prolixaHNS but easily distinguished from them in the major by the more prominent mesonotal convexity; smaller, more posteriorly directed propodeal spines; postpetiolar shape; and many details of cephalic sculpturing, including absence of rugoreticulum in the center of the occiput.

The minor also differs in having the pilosity on the mesosomal dorsum limited to evenly spaced pairs of hairs. P. longinoiHNS is also similar but less so to ceibanaHNS, ruidaHNS, and sospesHNS.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.66, HL 0.82, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.38.

Paratype minor: HW 0.40, HL 0.44, SL 0.34, EL 0.08, PW 0.26.

color Major and minor: concolorous medium yellow.

Range Costa Rica.

Biology P. longinoiHNS inhabits wet forest, nesting in internodes of Cecropia insignis saplings (J. T. Longino).

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: 6.5 km east of Monteverde, Alajuela, 950 m (John T. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in rainforest stream edge, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in montane wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in live Myriocarpa stem, 1 times in Cecropia sapling, 1 times in Cecropia insignis sapling.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 150 - 1200 meters, 716 meters average

Type specimens: holotype major Pheidole longinoi: inbiocri001281902; paratype Pheidole longinoi: inbiocri001280583, inbiocri001280584, inbiocri001281903



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