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Species: Pheidole kugleri   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole kugleri Wilson, 2003A: 309, figs. (s.w.) PERU. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole kugleriHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

etymology Named after Charles Kugler, in recognition of his research in myrmecology and his extraordinary collections of PheidoleHNS made in Colombia and other parts of South America.

diagnosis A member of the " jujuyensisHNS complex" of the larger fallen group, comprising araneoidesHNS, cuevasiHNS, durioneiHNS, jujuyensisHNS, kugleriHNS, leoninaHNS, leptinaHNS, lucretiiHNS, lupusHNS, paraensisHNS, punctithoraxHNS, tijucanaHNS, wallaceiHNS, and wolfringiHNS. P. kugleriHNS is easily distinguished from the other species by the following traits.

Major: antennal scapes exceed occipital corners by twice their maximum width; carinulae originating on frontal lobes and along frontal carinae spread laterally out to create a fan-like pattern, with those coming from the more anterior parts of the frontal carinae turning almost horizontal to travel toward the sides of the head; rugoreticula on each side of the head extend from the eye to the antennal fossa; occiput narrowed, the nadir of its cleft deep and rounded; promesonotum and all surfaces of the propodeum carinulate. The holotype is more heavily sculptured than the average. Minor: unknown.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.50, SL 1.34, EL 0.24, PW 0.68. color Major: body dark brown, appendages medium brown.

Range Known only from the type locality.

biology The type series was collected from primary forest on a steep hillside above farmland.

Figure Holotype, major. PERU: 3 km north of Oxacampa, Pasco, 2000 m (Charles Kugler and R. R. Lambert). No minors available. Scale bar = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in steep primary forest above farms.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times leaf litter.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times Berlese.

Elevations: collected at 2000 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole kugleri: jtlc000016420



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