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Species: Pheidole juniperae   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole juniperae Wilson, 2003A: 440, figs. (s.w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole juniperaeHNS new species

TYPES Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named after the prevailing tree of the type locality habitat.

diagnosis Similar in various traits to chalcaHNS of Mexico, meraHNS of Texas, and neolongicepsHNS of Cuba, differing as follows. Major: yellow; shallow antennal scrobe present; carinulae originating on frontal lobes travel posteriorly all the way to but not across the occiput, which is smooth and sprinkled with foveae; space between eye and antennal fossa on each side of head rugoreticulate; almost all of mesosoma smooth and shiny; center of promesonotal dorsum in side view flat; postpetiole from above elliptical, with angulate lateral margins.

Minor: eye large, Eye Length almost a fourth of Head Width, and nearly as long as distance from eye to anterior clypeal margin; occiput very broad, its margin weakly concave; propodeal spines small, in side view equilaterally triangular.

measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.80, HL 0.94, SL 0.42, EL 0.14, PW 0.50.

Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.38, EL 0.08, PW 0.26.

color Major: concolorous medium yellow, with mandibles a slightly darker shade.

Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

range Known from several collections at the type locality at 1660-1675 m.

biology The species was found by Stefan Cover in juniper-oak-pinyon savanna with a grassy understory. The nest openings were cryptic and in most cases surmounted by a minute turret of vegetable fibers. No seeds were found in the nests.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. ARIZONA: 11 km west-northwest of Montezuma Pass, Huachuca Mts., Cochise Co., 1660 m (Stefan Cover). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Juniper-oak-pinyon savanna.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times obscure soil nest beside road, with small turret, full sun, 1 times soil.

Elevations: collected at 1657 m

Type specimens:



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