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Species: Pheidole hirtula   Forel, 1899 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole (Cardiopheidole) vasliti var. hirtula Forel, 1899e PDF: 65 (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1909b PDF: 232 (q.).
Raised to species and senior synonym of Pheidole acolhua: Creighton, 1958 PDF: 211.
See also: Wilson, 2003A: 578.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole hirtulaHNS Forel

Pheidole vaslitii var. hirtulaHNS Forel 1899e: 65. Raised to species level by Creighton 1950a: 211. Syn.: Pheidole (Cardiopheidole) vaslitii var. acolhua WheelerHNS 1914c: 48; synonymy by Creighton 1958: 211.

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

etymology L hirtulaHNS, little hairy one.

Diagnosis A large trimorphic species (major, supermajor, minor) placed in the piliferaHNS group because of the 2-toothed hypostoma but with other traits conforming to the fallaxHNS group. Very close to obtusospinosaHNS, distinguished most readily in the supermajor, as illustrated, by the rounded foveae of the rear half of the dorsum of the head, with the interspaces smooth and shiny. This form is considered by Ward (1999) to be a likely geographic subspecies of obtusopilosaHNS rather than a full species. Measurements (mm) All from near Chapulco, Puebla. Supermajor: HW 2.60, HL 2.40, SL 1.18, EL 0.32, PW 1.34. Major: HW 1.52, HL 1.60, SL 1.10, EL 0.24, PW0.82. Minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.86, SL 1.04, EL 0.20, PW 0.48.

Color Supermajor, major, and minor: head and appendages light reddish brown to plain medium brown, rest of body medium brown.

Range According to Creighton (1958), who studied hirtulaHNS closely, the species occurs between 1070 and 2310 m, with most colonies concentrated at 1500-2100 m, from northern Chihuahua southward through Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi and Zacatecas to Hidalgo, Queretaro, and Jalisco. Barry E. Pullen (personal communication) reports the species as common in the suburbs of Mexico City.

Biology Creighton (1958) reports that mature colonies are very large, with numerous majors, and occasionally dominate the immediate surrounding area to the exclusion of other ant species. Winged reproductives are found in the nests from April to at least September, and nuptial flights evidently occur in late August into early September. According to Barry Pullen, the size variation of the workers is continuous, but with sharp modes marking the minor, major, and supermajor castes.

Figure Supermajor, head. MEXICO: km 275, Highway 150 northeast of Chapulco, Puebla.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in Mesquite-pine-cedar-grove, 1 times found in Cactus pasture, 1 times found in Eucalyptus grove, 1 times found in Mesquite-pine-cedar grove, 1 times found in Roadside meadow.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 9 times under rock, 3 times under boulder, 2 times patio flagstones, 2 times cobble pavement.

Elevations: collected from 1524 - 2316 meters, 1848 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pheidole hirtula: casent0908154, casent0908155; syntype of Pheidole vaslitii acolhua: casent0904367; syntype of Pheidole vaslitii acolhua: casent0913338



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