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Species: Pheidole gemmula   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole gemmula Wilson, 2003A: 551, figs. (s.w.) PERU. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole gemmulaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

etymology L gemmulaHNS, small jewel.

Diagnosis A member of the perpusillaHNS group (very small, with 10-segmented antennae), distinguished as follows. Major: all of dorsum of head except frontal triangle and mid-clypeus covered by longitudinal carinulae; in side view, promesonotal profile forms an unbroken, near-perfect semicircle; propodeal spine small; postpetiolar node in side view depressed; mesosoma, waist, and gaster entirely devoid of sculpture.

Minor: in side view, promesonotal profile forms an unbroken, near-perfect semicircle; propodeal spines reduced to denticles; other than carinulae around the antennal fossae, the entire body lacks sculpturing, and is entirely smooth and shiny. measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.72, HL 0.72, SL 0.36, EL 0.10, PW 0.34. Paratype minor: HW 0.42, HL 0.44, SL 0.32, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.

color Major: body medium yellow, except for rear four-fifths of head, which is yellowish brown, and a yellowish brown spot in the center of the first gastral tergite.

Minor: concolorous clear yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type series is a colony fragment found in a moist white fragment of rotting wood buried in leaf litter, on the floor of mature terra firme rainforest.

figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. PERU: Cuzco Amazonico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios (Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 200 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole gemmula: casent0644206, jtlc000016386



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