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Species: Pheidole floridana   Emery, 1895 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole flavens subsp. floridana Emery, 1895d PDF: 293 (s.w.q.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Pergande, 1896 PDF: 883; Emery, 1896g PDF: 77.
Senior synonym of Pheidole lauta: Gregg, 1959 PDF: 21.
See also: Wilson, 2003A: 424.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Notes:

[I-12/01 RAJ coll.]

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole floridana EmeryHNS

Pheidole flavens subsp. floridana EmeryHNS 1895d: 293. Raised to species level by Pergande 1896: 883. Syn.: Pheidole lauta WheelerHNS 1908h: 470, synonymy by Gregg 1959: 21.

types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard; Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova.

Etymology Named after the state of origin.

Diagnosis Nearly identical with bilimekiHNS and its Neotropical variants, distinguished as follows.

Major: foveolation on dorsum of head very fine; first gastral tergite smooth and shiny; humerus less prominent in

dorsal-oblique view.

Minor: antennal scapes relatively short, just reaching or barely surpassing the occipital corner; first gastral tergite smooth and shiny, with at most a light shagreening at the base of the tergite.

Both castes are consistently yellow. P. floridanaHNS is very close to bilimekiHNS, and also to stomachosaHNS of Jamaica, which coexists on the island with bilimekiHNS. P. stomachosaHNS is distinguished from both bilimekiHNS and floridanaHNS by the head and pronotum of the minor being smooth and shiny (q.v.).

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.92, HL 1.00, SL 0.44, EL 0.10, PW 0.46. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.52, SL 0.42, EL 0.06, PW 0.30. Color Major and minor: concolorous yellow.

range P. floridanaHNS has been recorded by Stefan Cover (personal communication) from the coastal plain of North Carolina south to the Florida Keys and west to central Texas (Austin and surrounding area), thence south into Mexico.

biology At Bald Point, Franklin Co., Florida, I found colonies nesting at a roadside in open sandy soil; and in Mobile, Alabama (in 1942) what was probably this species nesting beneath a whiskey bottle in a vacant lot. Winged reproductives have been found in nests during September and October. Stefan Cover (personal communication) reports that floridanaHNS "occurs in a varietyHNS of woodland habitats, nests in soil, litter, and rotten wood, and in both xeric and mesic situations. Colonies are monogynous, may contain 1000 or more ants, and are sometimes polydomous. The species is omnivorous, but does not appear to harvest seeds."

Figure Upper: lectotype, major (damaged specimen; pilosity added from a fresh specimen); the upper dorsal-oblique profile of mesosoma is the lectotype, and the lower profde is a major from Sarasota, Florida. Lower: paralectotype, minor (damaged specimen; pilosity added from a fresh specimen). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in Pine-palmetto, 1 times found in Coastal Hammock, 1 times found in Pine-oak on sand, 1 times found in rd.side grassy litter nr. swamp, 1 times found in sweet gum hammock near boardwalk, 1 times found in Mangrove swamp, 1 times found in pine buttress, 1 times found in Pine Buttress, sand.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times base of pine, under bark, 1 times stump, log stage 4, 1 times roadside grassy litter near swamp, 1 times pine litter, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times nest in base of saw grass, 1 times log stage 3, 1 times log stage 2, 1 times in palm, water oak, 1 times ex rotten palm log, 1 times ex rotten log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times direct collection, 1 times Site 1, 2 times Berlese.

Elevations: collected from 2 - 210 meters, 78 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pheidole flavens floridana: casent0904424, casent0904425



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