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Species: Pheidole floricola   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole floricola Wilson, 2003A: 423, figs. (s.w.) HONDURAS. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Comments:

J. Longino, 26 Apr 2014: Pheidole caltrop (Panama), P. floricola (Costa Rica to Honduras), P. gilva (Peru), and P. pilispina (Panama) are very similar. The P. pilispina and P. gilva type major workers have head shape and HW intermediate between P. caltrop and P. floricola. Minor workers of P. caltrop, P. gilva, and P. pilispina look indistinguishable to me. Minor workers of P. floricola have a mix of foveolate and shiny sculpture on the face; the other three are uniformly foveolate. Pheidole floricola is an arboreal species, and I suspect P. gilva, P. pilispina, and P. caltrop are as well. There is no evidence of sympatry among any of these forms.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole floricolaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Old French, L floricolaHNS, flower inhabitant.

Diagnosis Similar in various traits to species listed in heading above, distinguished as follows.

Major: yellow; antennal scrobes present; rugoreticulum continuous all the way from the spaces between the eyes and antennal fossae posteriorly to and including the occiput; posterior half of sides and all of venter of head smooth; humerus in dorsal-oblique view subangulate; apex of petiolar node in side view very broad and rounded; all of pronotal dorsum carinulate, and rest of mesosoma solely foveolate; antennal funiculi with abundant, very long, erect hairs; femora swollen.

Minor: humeri with paired equilateral teeth, each of which bears a single long hair; posterior and lateral margins of head and all of mesosoma foveolate.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.80, HL 0.82, SL 0.46, EL 0.10, PW 0.44. Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.50, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.30. color Major and minor:, concolorous medium yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Collected "inside philodendron fruit."

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. HONDURAS: La Ceiba, Depto. Atlantida (collector unknown, probably W. L. Brown). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 1 times found in secondgrowth/plantation, 2 times found in Entre el SHO y SSE, 2 times found in La Selva, 2 times found in CCL 400, 2 times found in Sura 700m, 1 times found in montane wet forest edge, 2 times found in SURA 850M, 1 times found in cultivated clearing, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times nest in dead stem, 1 times in node Cordia alliodora, 1 times Solanum adherens foliage, 2 times Malaise trap, 1 times ex Cordia alliodora node, 2 times Copa de arbol, 1 times on canopy stems of Guarea guidonia, 1 times NOTES FOR COLLECTIONS #3291-s TO #3315 WERE LOST. NOTES WERE RECONSTRUCTED FROM, 1 times N-S leg of LEP; recent treefall; small Stryphnodendron and some other tree; the, 1 times ex domatium Cordia alliodora, 1 times bajo de M/01, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Fogging, 6 times search, 7 times Malaise, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times flight intercept trap.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1080 meters, 139 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole floricola: jtlc000016376



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