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Species: Pheidole diversipilosa   Wheeler, 1908 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole crassicornis var. diversipilosa Wheeler, 1908h PDF: 467 (s.w.q.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Naves, 1985 PDF: 61.
See also: Wilson, 2003A: 153.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Distribution Notes:

collected from the Chiricahua Mtns, Cochise Co.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole diversipilosa WheelerHNS

Pheidole crassicornis var. diversipilosa WheelerHNS 1908h: 467. Raised to species level by Naves 1985: 61. Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L diversipilosaHNS, different (variable) hair, alluding to the major.

diagnosis Very close to crassicornisHNS from which it differs in the major by abundant pilosity on the mesosoma and gaster, and tetraHNS, from which it differs in the major by the much shorter pilosity on the first gastral tergite and by sparseness or absence of pilosity on the waist and occiput.

Also resembles pilosiorHNS and porculaHNS in various traits as depicted.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.26, HL 1.34, SL 0.66, EL 0.20, PW 0.66. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.74, SL 0.76, EL 0.16, PW 0.46. color Major and minor: body medium reddish brown, appendages light reddish brown. Range Southwestern Texas to the mountains of southern and central Arizona.

Biology According to Stefan Cover (personal communication), diversipilosaHNS is common at mid-elevations (1050-1900 m), favoring oak-pine-juniper forests, especially those in creek valleys, where it nests under rocks and in open soil. Colonies have single queens and large populations, which can exceed 1000 workers. Seed caches have been found in some nests.

Figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. TEXAS: Ft. Davis, southwestern Texas (W. M. Wheeler). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in oak-pine-juniper woodland, 1 times found in oak pine woodland, Sycamore, Grey+ Emory oaks, Juniper, Cottonwood. times found in Creek valley forest, 1 times found in oak/juniper woods, 1 times found in pine oak juniper woodland, 2 times found in disturbed sandhill habitat, 1 times found in mesquite woodland, 1 times found in oak juniper woodland, 1 times found in oak, pine, juniper woodland, 1 times found in oak/pine woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times under stone, 2 times nest under stone, 1 times Under rock at top of stream-bank. Partial shade., 1 times Pheidole nest under stone, 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times ex sifted leaf litter sample.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 4 times search, 1 times winkler.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 2290 meters, 1575 meters average

Type specimens:



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