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Species: Pheidole davisi   Wheeler, 1905 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole davisi Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 380 (s.w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

See also: Wilson, 2003A: 574.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole davisi WheelerHNS

Pheidole davisi WheelerHNS 1905j: 380.

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Eponymous.

Diagnosis A small brown member of the piliferaHNS group distinguished by the following traits.

Major: mesonotal convexity small, obtuse-subangular; metanotal groove absent, with metanotal profile forming a continuous line with that of the basal propodeal face; mesonotal dorsum, mesopleuron, and side of propodeum covered with longitudinal carinulae, foveolate, and opaque; pronotal dorsum transversely and pronotal sides longitudinally carinulate, foveolate, and opaque.

Minor: mesopleuron and side of propodeum longitudinally carinulate; all of mesosoma foveolate and opaque.

Close to adrianoiHNS of Florida but differing in the above and other characters.

Measurements (mm) Paratype major: HW 0.98, HL 0.96, SL 0.44, EL 0.12, PW 0.46.

Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.30.

Color Major: body light reddish to yellowish brown.

Minor: body concolorous dark reddish brown; antennae yellowish brown.

Range In the United States, davisiHNS has been recorded from New York to North Carolina and northern Alabama. I have also identified a series collected by Stuart and Jarmila Kukalova-Peck from the Mesa de Chipinque Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, in northeastern Mexico. The species thus appears to have a disjunct distribution between the southeastern U.S. and northeastern Mexico, of the kind known in many other animal and plant species.

Biology In the eastern United States, davisiHNS is typically an inhabitant of pine barrens, where it has been found in crater nests constructed in open sandy areas exposed to the sun. Its habitat in Mexico is unknown. Colonies have been observed to harvest seeds (Stefan Cover).

figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. NEW JERSEY: Lakehurst. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in pine-oak dune woodland, 0 times found in nest in pine-oak dune woodland, 2 times found in open field with loblolly pine, 2 times found in sand, 1 times found in field with live oak and holly, 0 times found in litter in pine-oak dune woodland.

Elevations: collected at 39 m

Type specimens:



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