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Species: Pheidole cuprina   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole cuprina Wilson, 2003A: 678, figs. (s.w.) PERU. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: French Guiana, Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole cuprinaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L cuprinaHNS, of copper, referring to the color.

Diagnosis A small, reddish yellow species belonging to a group of ambiguous species composing the " carapunaHNS complex" (see list in heading above), close to the flavensHNS group and possibly better placed there. All are relatively small in size, with the major possessing a reduced mesonotal convexity, as well as cephalic sculpturing that consists entirely of longitudinal carinulae extending to or almost to the occipital border seen in full face. All also have a minor with a broad, concave occiput, which lacks a collar. Among these species, P. cuprinaHNS is close to carapunaHNS but distinguished from it by color and the absence of foveolation on the postpetiolar node of the major and posterior three-fourths of the dorsal head surface of the minor. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.02, HL 1.16, SL 0.58, EL 0.16, PW 0.56. Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.66, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.38. color Major and minor: concolorous medium yellow, with slight reddish tinge.

Range I have seen an additional series of cuprinaHNS from Tingo Maria, Madre de Dios, Peru, collected by W. L. Brown.

biology The type colony was found in terra firme forest nesting in a rotten branch on the litter surface of the ground. It comprised a

single queen and several hundred workers (Stefan Cover, personal communication).

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. PERU: Cuzco Amazonico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, 200 m (Stefan Cover). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead wood, 2 times ex rotten log.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 81 - 250 meters, 163 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole cuprina: casent0627921, jtlc000016356



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