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Species: Pheidole ceibana   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole ceibana Wilson, 2003A: 394, figs. (s.w.) HONDURAS. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Honduras
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Comments:

J. Longino, 25 Apr 2014: Very similar to P. orbica in the Antilles. Pheidole albipes and P. ceibana are very similar morphologically. They appear to be a parapatric species pair across the Motagua fault. DNA barcoding supports the split. Pheidole albipes minor workers have brown coxae, contrasting with the ivory femur. Pheidole ceibana has lighter colored coxae that do not contrast strongly with the femora.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole ceibanaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Pertaining to Ceiba, near the type locality.

diagnosis Similar to dentigulaHNS, harrisonfordiHNS, lemniscaHNS, metallescensHNS, peltastesHNS, perkinsiHNS, renaeHNS, ruidaHNS, tayronaHNS, and xystonHNS, differing as follows.

Major: very small; brown with pale yellow appendages; promesonotum smoothly semicircular in profile; heavily rugoreticulate

occiput; and unstriped gaster.

Minor: head smooth, almost entirely sculpture-free.

measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.64, HL 0.70, SL 0.38, EL 0.10, PW 0.34.

Paratype minor: HW 0.36, HL 0.40, SL 0.38, EL 0.08, PW 0.22.

color Major and minor: body medium brown, appendages pale yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Collected from a piece of rotting wood on a steep, forested slope.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. HONDURAS: 13 km south of La Ceiba, Atlantida Department, 130 m (W. L. Brown). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 62 times found in tropical rainforest, 1 times found in treefall gap in trop rainforest, 2 times found in tropical moist forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 59 times ex sifted leaf litter, 6 times at bait.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 52 times MiniWinkler, 6 times Baiting, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 1 times Winkler.

Elevations: collected from 80 - 600 meters, 223 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole ceibana: casent0624251, jtlc000016343



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