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Species: Pheidole cataphracta   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole cataphracta Wilson, 2003A: 611, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia, Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole cataphractaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L cataphractaHNS, fully armored.

Diagnosis A member of the punctatissimaHNS group easiliy recognized by the very long propodeal spines, which are about as long as the basal face of the propodeum anterior to them.

Major: dorsum of head completely carinulate except for frontal triangle and mid-clypeus; humerus subangulate; all of mesosoma and petiole foveolate and opaque.

Minor: almost all of head, as well as all of mesosoma and petiole, foveolate and opaque; humerus with protuberant blunt oblique angles.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.94, HL 0.96, SL 0.54, EL 0.14, PW 0.46. Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.50, SL 0.50, EL 0.10, PW 0.32.

Color Major: concolorous yellow except for head, which is dark yellow with a slight reddish tinge. Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

range Recorded from only two collections in Valle Department, Colombia.

Biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Mun. Buenaventura, 3.2 km above Rio Aguaclara on the old Cali road, Valle (William L. Brown). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 13 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in 25yr old second growth and primary forest, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead stem, 3 times Hojarasca, 1 times New second growth veg. behind house; bananas, Piper, tall grass. Colony in a liv, 2 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times Entre trampa M/01 y M/02, 1 times bajo de M/13, 1 times bajo de M/03, 1 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times nesting in foliar pouches of Tococa-like plant.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times Malaise, 3 times Mini Winkler, 2 times flight intercept trap, 2 times miniWinkler, 1 times Berlese, 1 times search, 1 times Sweeping.

Elevations: collected from 300 - 1000 meters, 510 meters average

Type specimens: Paratype Pheidole cataphracta: casent0624247, casent0624248; paratype Pheidole cataphracta: jtlc000016341; Paratype Pheidole cataphracta: inbiocri001282166, inbiocri001282225, inbiocri002279844, inbiocri002279845



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