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Species: Pheidole cardinalis   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole cardinalis Wilson, 2003A: 271, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole cardinalisHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L cardinalisHNS, red.

diagnosis A member of the fallaxHNS group, closest to caribbaeaHNS, kukranaHNS, mantillaHNS, obscuriorHNS, and rubicepsHNS (also scan alienataHNS, fallaxHNS, jelskiiHNS, lanigerHNS, lattkeiHNS, lovejoyi, petrensisHNS, puttemansiHNS, roushaeHNS, susannaeHNS, tobiniHNS), distinguished by the following combination of traits.

Major: brownish red, with yellow appendages; pilosity of posterior dorsal profde of head a mix of dense, uniform, medium-length semierect hairs and sparse, much longer erect hairs; occiput, frontal lobes, and vertex carinulate; area between eye and vertex rugoreticulate; the tip of the antennal scape comes to within a distance equal to the maximum scape width of the occipital border; shagreened and opaque.

Minor: nuchal collar present; propodeal spines reduced to denticles.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.40, HL 1.50, SL 1.04, EL 0.22, PW 0.66.

Paratype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.74, SL 0.94, EL 0.14, PW 0.66.

color Major: body medium brownish red ("brick red") except for genae anterior to eyes, which, along with the appendages, are reddish yellow.

Minor: body concolorous light brown; appendages yellowish brown.

range Known only from the type locality.

biology The type colony came from an earthen nest.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. BRAZIL: Serra Caraca, Minas Gerais, 1380 m (K. Lenko). Scale bars = 1 mm.



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