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Pheidole brandaoiHNS new species
Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.
Etymology Named in honor of the distinguished Brazilian myrmecologist C. Roberto F. Brandao.
diagnosis a unique yellow member of the diligensHNS group similar to perdiligens and radoszkowskii, but distinguished from these and other species of the group as follows.
Major: with sparse pilosity on the mesosomal dorsum, including a pair of clavate hairs on the pronotum; pilosity on gastric tergites consisting of a carpet of short suberect pubescence in addition to longer erect to suberect hairs; no hairs on profde of head in full face except clypeus; mesosomal convexity very large, and subtriangular in side view; rugoreticula present between eyes and antennal fossae, and on anterior half of pronotum.
Minor: all of head, except frontal triangle, and most of mesosoma, foveolate and opaque; propodeal spines long and stout.
Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.96, HL 1.00, SL 0.70, EL 0.18, PW 0.52.
Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.66, SL 0.76, EL 0.14, PW 0.44.
color Major: body and mandibles dark yellow, other appendages light yellow.
Minor: concolorous medium yellow.
Range Known only from the type locality.
Biology The type series was collected in lowland rainforest.
Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Mun. Buenaventura (Bajo Calima, Villa Clara), Valle (William L. Brown and Richard B. Root). Scale bars = 1 mm.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 81 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 41 times found in tropical rainforest, 15 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 10 times found in montane rainforest, 3 times found in tropical moist forest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in Bosque Tropical Húmedo, 1 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in lower montane rainforest.
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 81 times at bait, 71 times ex sifted leaf litter, 5 times beating vegetation, 1 times ex sifted litter; 6L sifted litter; extracted in Winkler sack over 20 hours.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 81 times Baiting, 50 times MiniWinkler, 21 times MaxiWinkler, 5 times Beating, 1 times Winkler.
Elevations: collected from 30 - 1170 meters, 656 meters average