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Species: Pheidole azteca   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole azteca Wilson, 2003A: 558, figs. (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole aztecaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named after the ancient Amerindian empire that embraced the type locality.

diagnosis A member of the piliferaHNS group, close to hamtoni (in the fallaxHNS group) of Mexico but distinguished from it and other species of the group by the following combination of traits. Both major and minor medium reddish yellow. Major: head capsule in full-face view quadrate, as broad as long; hypostoma with only 2 teeth; propodeal spine reduced to a thick denticle; postpetiolar node from above diamond-shaped, with right-angular lateral margins; pilosity erect and very dense; a patch of rugoreticulum present between each eye and the nearest antennal fossa.

Minor: propodeal spines reduced to rudimentary broad denticles, not even apparent in side view; occiput broad, lacking nuchal collar. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.34, SL 1.14, EL 0.22, PW 0.72. Paratype minor: HW 0.72, HL 0.82, SL 1.02, EL 0.20, PW 0.46.

color Major and minor: body medium yellow with very slight reddish tinge, except for gaster, which is plain pale yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. MEXICO: San Jeronimo, Mexico City (W. Lopez-Forment). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in pine/Yucca woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times with mealybugs on roots under dead Yucca.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 2240 - 2420 meters, 2348 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole azteca: casent0625435, jtlc000016325



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