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Species: Pheidole avia   Forel, 1908 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. avia Forel, 1908 PDF: 380 (w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1911e PDF: 303 (s.).
Raised to species: Wilson, 2003A: 659.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole aviaHNS Forel, new status

Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. aviaHNS Forel 1908h: 380.

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology L aviaHNS, pertaining to birds, allusion unknown.

diagnosis Similar to antillanaHNS of the Lesser Antilles and to bucculentaHNS, guilelmimuelleriHNS, and hetschkoiHNS of South America, as well as to mamoreHNS of South America in the scrobiferaHNS group, but differing in the following combination of traits.

Major: very large, with sharp postpetiolar cornicles, otherwise close to the lectotype major of guilelmimuelleriHNS (q.v.); but the minor is very distinct.

Minor: occiput and anterior fourth of head bears transverse carinulae; carinulae originating on the frontal lobes curve outward (laterad) to join the anteriormost transverse posterior carinulae; anterior half of the pronotal dorsum transversely carinulate; rest of the head and body almost entirely smooth and shiny; propodeal spines moderately long, thin, and vertical.

Measurements (mm) Paralectotype major: HW 2.34, HL 2.40, SL 1.04, EL 0.24, PW 1.12.

Lectotype minor: HW 1.00, HL 1.14, SL 2.04, EL 0.24, PW 0.68.

color Major: reddish yellow.

Minor: concolorous plain yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Unknown.

Figure Lectotype, minor. BRAZIL: Alto da Serra, Sao Paulo. Paralectotype major not shown; very similar to guilelmimuelleriHNS lectotype major (q.v.). Scale bar = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in montane wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in clay bank, 1 times nest in duff.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times search.

Elevations: collected from 1050 - 1190 meters, 1073 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole avia: casent0908175; paralectotype of Pheidole avia: casent0908174



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