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Species: Pheidole araneoides   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole araneoides Wilson, 2003A: 265, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, French Guiana
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole araneoidesHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard. Etymology L araneoidesHNS, resembling a spider.

Diagnosis A large, relatively thin and long-legged member of the " jujuyensisHNS complex" of the larger fallaxHNS group, comprising araneoidesHNS, cuevasiHNS, durioneiHNS, jujuyensisHNS, kugleriHNS, leoninaHNS, leptinaHNS, lucretiiHNS, lupusHNS, paraensisHNS, punctithoraxHNS, tijucanaHNS, wallaceiHNS, and wolfringiHNS. P. araneoidesHNS is distinguished by the following combination of traits.

Major: scape just reaches occipital angle; carinulae reach midpoint of cephalic capsule, and very small rugoreticular patches are present laterad to the circular carinulae of the antennal fossae; humerus smoothly rounded in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spines reduced to denticles.

Minor: occiput drawn out into a neck with nuchal collar; body almost completely smooth and shiny; propodeal spines reduced to denticles.

Close to chocoensis and wallaceiHNS, also from Amazonian Brazil, differing in details of the characters cited above. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.70, HL 1.84, SL 1.44, EL 0.26, PW 0.90. Paratype minor: HW 0.64, HL 1.02, SL 1.62, EL 0.20, PW 0.50.

color Major: mandibles and gaster dark reddish yellow to light reddish brown; rest of body and appendages medium reddish yellow.

Minor: concolorous dark yellow.

Range Amazonas and Para states, Brazil.

biology Found in lowland rainforest.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. BRAZIL: S. Norte, Carajas, Para (C. Roberto f. Brandao and W. W. Benson). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in soil, 1 times at bait.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search, 1 times bait.

Elevations: collected from 100 - 148 meters, 124 meters average

Type specimens:



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