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Species: Pheidole antillana   Forel, 1893 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole guilelmimuelleri r. antillana Forel, 1893j PDF: 401 (s.w.q.m.) ANTILLES. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Wilson, 2003A: 654.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Guadeloupe, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole antillanaHNS Forel, new status

Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. antillanaHNS Forel 1893j: 401. Syn.: Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. antillana var. nigrescensHNS Forel 1893j: 404 (unavailable name).

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve; Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named after the Antilles, the native region of the species.

diagnosis Similar to aviaHNS, bucculentaHNS, guilelmimuelleriHNS, hetschkoiHNS, heyeriHNS, hortonaeHNS, praesesHNS, rhytiferaHNS, and sarcinaHNS of South America, as well as mamoreHNS of the scrobiferaHNS group, but differing in the following combination of traits.

Major: antennal scrobe absent; strong medium-length propodeal spines present; carinulae originating on the frontal lobes mostly approach or reach the occiput; intercarinular spaces of cephalic dorsum smooth and shiny; humerus rugoreticulate.

Minor: occiput narrow but lacking a nuchal collar; humerus denticulate in dorsal-oblique view; carinulae on head confined to area mesad and anterior to the eyes and several broken lines on the occiput; carinulae on pronotum sparse and limited to anterior margin.

Color varies from yellow to dark brown, as part of geographic variation among different island populations.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.56, HL 1.72, SL 0.74, EL 0.16, PW 0.80.

Paratype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.72, SL 0.76, EL 0.10, PW 0.66.

color The material I have examined varies according to the island of origin: reddish yellow on St. Vincent (types); light reddish brown to dark brown on Grenada; and light reddish brown on Dominica.

Range St. Vincent, Grenada, and Dominica. Stefan Cover and I failed to find antillanaHNS on Barbados, in spite of careful searching in forested habitats there.

Biology The following field notes by H. H. Smith (in Forel 1893j) on St. Vincent match those made by Stefan Cover and me on Grenada in June 1995: "A common species in forest and shady places. The colonies are generally composed of one or two hundred individuals at most, but may have as many as six or seven hundred. The formicarium is generally under bark of very rotten logs, or under a log or stick; rarely under a stone or under turf on a rock. It is an irregular chamber, with short radiating passages, the whole commonly occupying only two or three inches of space. The workers major are few in number, sometimes only one or two in the colony. Both workers major and minor are sluggish, especially the former." Smith found seeds in at least one of the nests. Sexual forms were found by him in the nests in October and November, and by Charles T. Brues on Grenada in September.

Figure Upper: syntype, major. Lower: syntype, minor. ST. VINCENT: West Indies (H. H. Smith). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in wet forest, 4 times found in wet cloud forest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in old coffee forest, 1 times found in wet trop. forest, 3 times found in forest, 1 times found in peak, montane forest, 1 times found in mixed montane forest, 1 times found in montane forest, 1 times found in peak, dry montane forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times ex soil.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times Winkler, 2 times hand collection.

Elevations: collected from 250 - 821 meters, 617 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pheidole antillana: casent0908170, casent0908171; syntype of Pheidole guilelmimuelleri antillana: casent0901479; syntype of Pheidole guillelmi-muellni antillana: casent0916949, casent0916950; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Pheidole guilelmimuelleri antillana nigrescens: casent0908172, casent0908173



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