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Species: Pheidole allarmata   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole allarmata Wilson, 2003A: 649, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole allarmataHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

etymology Gr, L allarmataHNS, the "other one" bearing arms, referring to the species' similarity to subarmataHNS and synarmataHNS. diagnosis Similar to hasticepsHNS, subarmataHNS, synarmataHNS, and triplexHNS (see also the somewhat less similar rhytiferaHNS), differing from these and other PheidoleHNS by the following combination of traits.

Major: in side view the frontal lobe is elongated to form a forward-projecting, thin, spine-like lobe; humerus strongly developed as protuberant lobes; postpetiolar node spinose; head quadrate; rear half of head and almost all of body smooth and shiny. Minor: occiput narrowed but lacking a nuchal collar; propodeal spine long, thin, and erect; head and body almost entirely smooth and shiny.

This is probably the series noted by W. L. Brown (1981: 526) as representing a species distinct from subarmataHNS. measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.26, HL 1.28, SL 0.60, EL 0.12, PW 0.74. Paratype minor: HW 0.56, HL 0.56, SL 0.60, EL 0.06, PW 0.36.

Color Major: head reddish brown, gradually deepening from light reddish brown at occiput to dark reddish brown on anterior half of head capsule and on mandibles; mesosoma medium reddish brown; waist, gaster, antennae, and legs light reddish brown. Minor: concolorous yellow to dark brown.

Range An Amazonian species recorded from scattered localities in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname.

Biology Two colonies collected by Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin at Cuzco Amazonico, Peru (Cover, collection notes) were in terra firme rainforest, nesting in rotten sticks on the forest floor. The colonies were small, with fewer than 100 workers and a single queen; one of the nests contained a seed cache.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype minor. BRAZIL: Pirelli Plantation (Iriboca), near Belem, Para (P. F. Darlington). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times twig nest, 2 times ex sifted litter, rotten wood, 1 times at bait, 1 times ex sifted litter.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times Winkler, 1 times bait.

Elevations: collected from 100 - 330 meters, 196 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole allarmata: jtlc000016317



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