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Species: Odontomachus chelifer   (Latreille, 1802) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Formica chelifera Latreille, 1802a: 188, pl. 8, fig. 51 (w.) SOUTH AMERICA (no locality given). Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1809 PDF: 128.
Senior synonym of Odontomachus emacerata: Brown, 1976a: 103; of Odontomachus leptocephalus: Emery, 1911e PDF: 114; of Odontomachus theresiae: Forel, 1899b PDF: 19; Brown, 1976a: 103.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: wet to moist forest of both slopes to mid-elevations; more abundant at mid-elevations than in the lowlands.


Natural History:

This strikingly large species I have only seen as foragers in wet forest, on the forest floor, and often nocturnal. I have never seen a nest.


Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.

Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle de Fourmis, et recueil de memoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignees, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. 445 pp. Paris.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus chelifer   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus chelifer   Forel, A., 1905, Miscellanea myrmicologiques, II (1905)., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 49, pp. 155-185: 156, (download) 156 4001

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 21 times found in wet forest, 17 times found in montane wet forest, 11 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 8 times found in rainforest, 8 times found in tropical rainforest, 3 times found in mature moist forest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 3 times found in La Selva, 3 times found in Primary wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 16 times pan trap, 10 times at bait, 10 times ex sifted leaf litter, 4 times nocturnal strays, 4 times ground foragers, 4 times strays, 2 times nocturnal foragers, alates from blacklight. times night collecting near blacklight #1. #3399-s, 1 times nocturnal forager, 2 times foragers, 2 times ex pan trap, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Malaise, 18 times Pan Trap, 14 times Search, 9 times Baiting, 6 times flight intercept trap, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 4 times blacklight, 3 times winkler, 1 times Unknown, 2 times at light, 2 times miniWinkler, ...

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1500 meters, 492 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Odontomachus chelifer emacerata: casent0915242; syntype of Odontomachus chelifer leptocephalus: casent0904002; syntype of Odontomachus haematodes theresiae: casent0907426

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