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SE U.S. to Paraguay and Bolivia, W. Indies (brunneus in the sense of Brown 1976, which includes ruginodis).
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.
Deyrup, M., J. Trager, N. Carlin 1985. The genus Odontomachus in the southeastern United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News 96:188-195.
Patton, W. H. 1894. Habits of the leaping-ant of southern Georgia. American Naturalist 28:618-619.
Wheeler, W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21:79-135.
Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Brown 1976).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 14 times found in pine savanna, 10 times found in leaf litter, 9 times found in in oak scrub, 7 times found in Sand Pine Scrub, 6 times found in Flatwoods, 4 times found in Bayhead, 4 times found in oak/pine scrub, nest, 3 times found in sand scrub area, 3 times found in palm nursery, collected on ground and on palms, 2 times found in Scrubby Flatwoods, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 12 times leaf litter, 2 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times litter at log w/Passalus, along flooded dirt road, 1 times under rotten log, 1 times under log, 1 times turkey oak woods. Diurnal stray, 1 times trail, 1 times tall forest, rocky soil, 1 times swampy riparian woodland; diurnal stray, 1 times nest in hummock.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 14 times Berlese, 13 times malaise trap, 7 times direct collection, 4 times search, 3 times Winkler, 3 times blacklight/boxtrap, 3 times pitfall baited with dung, 1 times at mercury vapor light, 0 times Berlese funnel, 1 times blacklight, 0 times Lake Annie malaise trap, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 619 meters, 56 meters average