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Extant: 3 valid subspecies
Found most commonly in these habitats: 121 times found in urban/garden, 34 times found in rainforest, 26 times found in montane rainforest, 19 times found in urban garden, 3 times found in dry forest, 9 times found in disturbed montane rainforest, 7 times found in Uapaca woodland, 8 times found in montane ravine forest, 5 times found in tropical dry forest, 3 times found in degraded forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 83 times ground forager(s), 60 times on low vegetation, 42 times ex rotten log, 13 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 20 times under stone, 5 times sifted litter, 17 times ground nest, 11 times ex dead twig above ground, 3 times on tree trunk, 6 times ex soil, 5 times under tree bark, live tree, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 12 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 2 times 10 maxi winks, 1 times Malaise trap 4, 3 times 10 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times beating low vegetation, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 1 times 10 Maxiwinks, 2 times yellow pan trap, 25 YP, 1 times arboreal collecting, 1 times at light, 6 ground light Intercept Trap, 1 times Malaise trap, 5 Malaise, ...
Elevations: collected from 1 - 1625 meters, 686 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Prenolepis vividula madagascarensis: casent0101318, casent0101319, casent0101320, casent0101776; type of Prenolepis ellisii subsp. madagascariensis var. rufescens: casent0104643