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Extant: 1 valid subspecies
|Combination in Nylanderia (Nylanderia): Forel, 1908c PDF: 65; in Paratrechina (Nylanderia): Emery, 1925d PDF: 222; in Nylanderia: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 166; in Paratrechina: Brandão, 1991 PDF: 366; in Nylanderia: LaPolla et al., 2010A PDF: 127.|
|Current subspecies: nominal plus Nylanderia caeciliae elevata.|
Costa Rica (type locality), Trinidad, Guianas. Costa Rica: Atlantic lowlands to 600m.
This species inhabitats mature lowland rainforest. It lives in small carton nests constructed beneath individual leaves (Fig. 1). Strap or fan-shaped leaves, such as palms, cyclanths, and aroids, are most often used. In this regard it is similar to several other ant species that build isolated carton nests under leaves: Pheidole fiorii, Camponotus senex, nitidior and chartifex, Technomyrmex fulvus, and Tapinoma sp. No other known species of Paratrechina has this nesting behavior.
The species is common in Project ALAS canopy fogging samples from La Selva Biological Station.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 28 times found in montane wet forest, 4 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in La Selva., 1 times found in La Selva, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, some big trees, 1 times found in CES 400, 1 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in 2nd growth patches surrounded by tall rainforest, 1 times found in primary wet forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 19 times Sobre Vegetacion, 5 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times Walked up the Surá from the bridge just past the arboretum to LOC. Typical carto, 1 times In small carton nest under live leaf, 1 times carton nest on leaf, 1 times beating veg., 1 times Accreted soil nest under leaf of small understory palm, 1 times Primary forest, 1 times nocturnal strays, 1 times near rigged Terminalia tree across the stream from the far end of the arboretum, 1 times Hojarasca, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 19 times Sweeping, 3 times search, 3 times Foggin, 6 times Fogging, 4 times flight intercept trap, 4 times miniWinkler, 1 times Unknown, 1 times beating, 2 times Malaise, 1 times Winkler, 1 times Lure/Bait, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 550 meters, 278 meters average