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Mexico to Costa Rica. Costa Rica: widespread in wet forest habitats, from sea level to 1000m elevation.
Costa Rican specimens show variation in color. Lowland specimens are smaller and more infuscated (upper images). Upland specimens more robust and more uniformly orange (lower images).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in rainforest edge, 4 times found in Port of entry, 2 times found in forest/pasture edge, montane wet forest, 1 times found in lowland primary rainforest, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in mature rainforest, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in 25yr old second growth and primary forest, 1 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times in fresh treefall, 2 times beating veg., 1 times strays in felled trees, 3 times on low vegetation, 2 times in treefall, 1 times on orchid plant, 1 times with ananas and Dracaena, 1 times strays, 1 times on hardwood tree, 1 times on calophyllum, 1 times on branchfall, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 10 times search, 3 times beating, 2 times beating vegetation (3 hours), 1 times beating vegetation (3 hour period), 1 times Fogging, 1 times Malaise, 1 times miniWinkler.
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1240 meters, 471 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Nesomyrmex pittieri: casent0908997