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Species: Nesomyrmex larsenae   Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Nesomyrmex larsenae Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008 PDF: 48, figs. 2m-o (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: South Africa
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Mbanyana, N. & Robertson, H. G., 2008, Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in southern Africa., African Natural History 4, pp. 35-55

Nesomyrmex larsenaeHNS sp. nov.

Fig. 2m -o

Description of worker

Holotype. HL 0.698, HW 0.529, HW1 0.562, CI 76, SL 0.443, SI 84, PW 0.418, ML 0.861, EL 0.197, EI 37.

Mandibles with fine longitudinal striations. Clypeus predominantly smooth, with weak longitudinal striations. Entire anterior margin of clypeus evenly convex. Eyes with 16 ommatidia in a longest row. Scapes relatively short (SI < 85). With head in dorsal view hind margin convex. With mesosoma in profile, dorsal margins of promesonotum and propodeum each convex, with metanotal groove conspicuously impressed. Propodeum hump-shaped in profile, unarmed, with dorsum rounding evenly into declivity. Metapleural lobes low and rounded. Anterior peduncle long and narrow. Subpetiolar process vestigial, visible as a shallow obtuse angle. Petiolar node in profile massive and nodiform with anterior face angled at about 45° whereas posterior face is nearly vertical. Postpetiole low and rounded. Ventral margin of postpetiole in profile obtusely angled, without distinct process. Dorsum of head weakly shining with faint reticulate ground-sculpture; weakly striated between the eyes and more strongly striated between base of antenna and the eyes. Promesonotal dorsum finely reticulate. Propodeal dorsum with irregular reticulate ground sculpture overlaid by faint irregular transverse striations. Base of declivity with strongly developed transverse striations. Petiolar node and postpetiole with irregular sculpture; transverse striations on peduncle and vestigial transverse striations on petiolar node. Base of first gastral tergite witha ring ofshort costulae; remainder of the tergite predominantly shiny with weak reticulate pattern. Dorsum of head and mesosoma with appressed white, scattered pubescence, no erect hairs. The venter of head with three straight hairs. Propodeum without hairs. Petiolar node and postpetiole each with a pair of backwardly projecting fine long acute hairs in each. First gastral tergite with scattered, short, decumbent hairs, acute apically; with longer erect hairs along the posterior margin and on the sternite. Colour brick red with gaster dark brown.

Paratypes. HL 0.688-0.718, HW 0.531-0.541, HW1 0.565-0.590, CI 75-77, SL 0.462-0.470, SI 87, PW 0.393-0.423, ML 0.859-0.895, EL 0.194-0.207, EI 36-38 (2 of 2 measured). Same data as holotype.

Diagnosis

Among the species without hairs on the propodeum ( N. larsenaeHNS, N. ruaniHNS, N. entabeniHNS and N. nanniaeHNS), N. larsenaeHNS is distinguished by lacking erect hairs on the promesonotum, and also distinguished by its hump-shaped propodeum and by the brick red colour, with gaster dark brown; the other three species have erect hairs on the promesonotum, the propodeum forms an even convexity (not hump-shaped), and their colour is uniformly medium brown.

Biology

Two specimens were collected from pitfall traps and one specimen from sweeping vegetation inSucculent Karoo near Nieuwoudtville in the Northern Cape. Probably ground-nesting but sweep sample shows that it does forage in vegetation.

Etymology

Named after Dawn Larsen, one of the collectors, who is an Assistant Collections Manager in the entomology collection of the Iziko South African Museum.

Material examined

Holotype: South Africa: Northern Cape: west of Driefontein farm, Succulent Karoo 2 site (10.7 km 109° ESE Nieuwoudtville), 31°22.581'S 19°13.507'E, 12-19 October 2000, H.G. Robertson, D. Larsen & R. Adams; NW00-SK2- P05, SAM-HYM-C019131.

Paratype workers with same data as holotype except NW00-SK2-P04, SAM-HYM-C019130, NW00-SK2-Sweep 228, SAM-HYM-C019132.



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