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Species: Neivamyrmex carolinensis   (Emery, 1894) 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Eciton (Acamatus) carolinense Emery, 1894d PDF: 184 (diagnosis in key) (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1921d PDF: 314 (q.m.).
Combination in Neivamyrmex (Neivamyrmex): Smith, 1942c PDF: 564; in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953 PDF: 6.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Distribution Notes:

single unspecified south-central Ohio record

Biology:

Open grassy, dry areas. Beneath large stones, under moss, and bases of stumps.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Snelling, G. C. & Snelling, R. R., 2007, New synonymy, new species, new keys to Neivamyrmex army ants of the United States., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 459-550

Neivamyrmex carolinensis (Emery)HNS

Figures 3, 19, 33, 63, 76, 89, 96, 113, 125

Eciton (Acamatus) carolinense EmeryHNS, 1894: 184 (w). USA, North Carolina, Belmont (MCSN); syntypes

in MCZC, AMNH; examined. Eciton (Neivamyrmex) carolinenseHNS: M. R. Smith, 1942: 564 (w). Neivamyrmex carolinensisHNS: Borgmeier , 1953: 6 (w).

DISTRIBUTION (Map 1)

UNITED STATES; Virginia and North Carolina south to Florida, west to Tennessee and Louisiana.

SPECIMENS EXAMINED

UNITED STATES, ALABAMA, Tuscaloosa Co.: Bryce Lake , University of Alabama (MCZC); Hurricane Creek nr. Peterson (MCZC). FLORIDA, Alachua Co.: Gainesville (UMICH); Gainesville , San Felasco Hammock State Preserve , sandhill / xeric Oak Hammock, at base of dead Turkey Oak (GCSC, LACM). Lake Co.: Astatula, Jct S. R. 561 & 48, Sand Pine / Rosemary Scrub , at base of dead sand pine (GCSC, LACM). Citrus Co.: Withlacoochee State Forest , 1 / 2 mi S. of S. R. 44, in sand next to Pheidole morrissiHNS colony (GCSC, LACM). Marion Co.: 3.5 mi E Dunnellon , Pine Oaks Estates , (CLMC). Volusia Co.: Orange City , Blus Spring St. Park , ex pitfall trap in Sand Pine / Oak Scrub (GCSC, LACM). GEORGIA, Fulton Co.: Atlanta , ex oak stump (MCZC). Putnam Co.: Oconee National Forest (SEMC, WPMC). Rabun Co.: Clayton , 2000 - 3700 ' (MCZC). KENTUCKY, Edmonton Co.: Mammoth Cave Nat. Park , Bruce Hollow , ex long / stump litter (MCZC). MISSISSIPPI, Hinds Co.: Taylorsville (LACM). Lowndes Co.: Columbus (CASC). Monroe Co.: Aberdeen (CASC, CORN). Oktibbeha Co.: A & M College (MINN, PENN). NORTH CAROLINA: Burk Co.: 4 - XI- 1957 (Scott; MCZC). SOUTH CAROLINA, Greenville Co.: Greenville (LACM). Oconee Co.: Clemson College (MCZC). TENNESSEE, Blount Co.: Cades Cove (LACM). Knox Co.: University of Tennessee Farm (LACM).

DISCUSSION

Neivamyrmex carolinensisHNS is a wide ranging eastern species. Long considered to extend into the central and western United States as far as Arizona, it is now known that the populations west of the Mississippi River belong to a hitherto unrecognized sibling species. That species is described below as N. kiowapacheHNS. We are unable to confirm the presence of this species in Nebraska and Ohio (M. R. Smith, 1942) nor have we seen any specimens from Louisiana.

This species is unusual among our species of NeivamyrmexHNS, in that the presence of a distinct eye facet is variable, present in some individuals, absent in others. Generally, a facet is present in larger individuals, but even this is subject to variation. This feature is shared with its sister species, N. kiowapacheHNS.

Automontage images of this ant may be viewed at antweb. org

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in soil and litter on slope in mixed forest, 2 times found in Sandhill, 1 times found in Pine-oak forest, 1 times found in pine/juniper woodland, 1 times found in Pinyon-cedar woodland, 1 times found in Sandhill/Xeric Oak Hammock, 1 times found in collected in open area near mixed forest, 1 times found in oak/pine woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times soil and litter, 2 times under rock, 1 times tronc avec (worker) et larves, 1 times thinly spread in soil, 1 times Neivamyrmex under stone.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times Berlese funnel, 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 1650 - 2438 meters, 1988 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Neivamyrmex carolinensis: casent0902643, casent0905954



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