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Species: Myrmelachista haberi   Longino, 2006 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Myrmelachista haberi Longino, 2006A PDF: 23, figs. 1, 4, 7, 8, 9 (w.q.m.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica. In Costa Rica it occurs in mid-montane areas in the Cordillera de Tilar‡n and Cordillera Volc‡nica Central.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is known from two general areas in Costa Rica: (1) Cordillera de Tilar‡n, 1000-1500m elevation, in patches of moist forest on the Pacific slope near Santa Elena de Monteverde; and (2) Cordillera Volc‡nica Central, 1100m elevation, in mature wet forest on the Barva transect in Braulio Carrillo National Park.

The biology of this species is similar to M. flavocotea. In the forest patches near Santa Elena, colonies have been found in Ocotea nicaraguensis, an understory treelet. The one colony dissected in its entirety was monogynous, and founding queens were found alone in separate chambers in shoot tips from stump sprouts. On the Barva transect, a colony was found in O. dendrodaphne and an alate queen was captured in a Project ALAS Malaise trap.

References:

Longino, J. T. (2006). A Taxonomic review of the genus Myrmelachista (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica. Zootaxa 1141:1-54.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2006, A taxonomic review of the genus Myrmelachista (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica., Zootaxa 1141, pp. 1-54

Myrmelachista haberiHNS NEW SPECIES

Figures 1, 4, 7, 8, 9

Holotype queen: Costa Rica, Prov. Guanacaste, 3km N Santa Elena GoogleMaps, 10°20’N, 84°50’W, 1500m GoogleMaps, 26 Jun 1991 (J. Longino #2946-s) [INBC, specimen code INBIOCRI002281806]. GoogleMaps

Paratypes: all same locality as holotype; INBIOCRI002281803 (queen and workers), 26 Jun 1991 (J. Longino #2944) [LACM] GoogleMaps; JTLC000006200, JTLC000006201, INBIOCRI002281805 (queens), 26 Jun 1991 (J. Longino #2946-s) [UCDC, MCZC, USNM] GoogleMaps; INBIOCRI001282897, 2 Mar 1996 (J. Longino #3800) [BMNH] GoogleMaps.

Diagnosis

Worker with antenna 9-segmented, maxillary palpus 5-segmented, color yellow. Queen with black head, HW 0.85-0.98. Male with maxillary palpus 5-segmented; pygostyles absent; cuspis very small, thin, sharply pointed; digitus with more or less constant width, gently curved ventrally to a blunt apex. Obligate inhabitant of understory Lauraceae.

Worker

Same as M. flavocoteaHNS except for color of the gaster, which may be entirely brown or with posterior bands of infuscation on the tergites.

Measurements: HL 0.566-0.657, HW 0.517-0.649, SL 0.278-0.321, EL 0.107-0.128, CI 89-99 (n=4).

Queen

Antenna 9-segmented; maxillary palpus 5-segmented; labrum short, bilobed, not covering mouthparts; dorsal surface of mandible with large piligerous puncta, interspaces either smooth and shining or coarsely rugose; clypeus with large piligerous puncta; malar spaces with variable extent of weak punctatorugose sculpturing, grading to smooth and shining posteriorly; in full face view, with abundant short subdecumbent setae projecting from rear margin and sides of head; ventral surface of head with abundant short erect setae; scapes with abundant erect to suberect setae, longer setae subequal to width of scape; outer surface of hind tibia with abundant erect to subdecumbent setae, longer setae shorter than width of tibia; color solid black.

Measurements: HL 0.996-1.115, HW 0.853-0.984, SL 0.430-0.488, EL 0.259-0.297, OW 0.076-0.087, OD 0.166-0.213, CI 83-89, OI 28-32, OcI 7-8 (n=7).

Male

Antenna 10-segmented; maxillary palpus 5-segmented; pygostyles absent; basiparamere lobe thin, sharp, and spine-like, about half the length of the paramere; paramere long, thin, parallel-sided; cuspis very small, thin, sharply pointed; digitus with more or less constant width, gently curved ventrally to a blunt apex, dorsal margin smooth, with no denticles; apodeme of penial valve curving into dorsal margin at obtuse angle.

Etymology

The name refers to the Monteverde botanist and entomologist Bill Haber, who has helped with plant identifications for me and generations of tropical biology students.

Range

Costa Rica. In Costa Rica it occurs in mid-montane areas in the Cordillera de Tilarán and Cordillera Volcánica Central.

Biology

This species is known from two general areas in Costa Rica: (1) Cordillera de Tilarán, 1000-1500m elevation, in patches of moist forest on the Pacific slope near Santa Elena de Monteverde; and (2) Cordillera Volcánica Central, 1100m elevation, in mature wet forest on the Barva transect in Braulio Carrillo National Park.

The biology of this species is similar to M. flavocoteaHNS. In the forest patches near Santa Elena, colonies have been found in Ocotea nicaraguensis, an understory treelet. The one colony dissected in its entirety was monogynous, and founding queens were found alone in separate chambers in shoot tips from stump sprouts. On the Barva transect, a colony was found in O. dendrodaphne and an alate queen was captured in a Project ALAS Malaise trap.

Material Examined

COSTA RICA, Guanacaste: 3km N Santa Elena GoogleMaps, 10°20’N, 84°50’W, 1500m GoogleMaps (J. Longino, 4 collections) GoogleMaps; Heredia: 16km SSE La Virgen GoogleMaps, 10°16’N, 84°05’W, 1100m GoogleMaps (J. Longino) GoogleMaps; same data (ALAS) GoogleMaps; Puntarenas: Est. Biol. Los Llanos, near Santa Elena GoogleMaps, 10°18’N, 84°50’W, 1150m GoogleMaps (J. Longino) GoogleMaps.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in Cloud forest/moist forest patch, 2 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in moist forest, 1 times found in wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times ex Ocotea nicaraguensis, 1 times ex live stem Ocotea dendrodaphne, 1 times ex live stem Ocotea, 1 times in live stem Ocotea nicaraguensis, 1 times Cloud forest/moist forest patch on Pacific slope. Colony in Ocotea cf. paulii. S, 1 times Cloud forest/moist forest patch on Pacific slope. Colony in Ocotea cf. paulii. I.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 4 times search, 1 times Malaise.

Elevations: collected from 1100 - 1500 meters, 1352 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype haberi: inbiocri002281806; Paratype haberi: jtlc000006200, jtlc000006201, inbiocri001282897, inbiocri002281803, inbiocri002281805



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