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Species: Monomorium cyaneum   Wheeler, 1914 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Monomorium minimum subsp. cyaneum Wheeler, 1914c PDF: 43 (w.q.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

DuBois, 1986 PDF: 84 (m.).
Raised to species: DuBois, 1981b PDF: 35.
Senior synonym of Monomorium emersoni: DuBois, 1986 PDF: 82.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145

Monomorium cyaneum WheelerHNS

It is not easy to separate M. cyaneumHNS from M. ebeninumHNS and M. depressumHNS. In the syntypes of M. cyaneumHNS examined (LACM) the mesopleuron is smooth, whereas the DuBois (1986) diagnosis and keys indicate punctate mesopleura for the species. There are Mexican workers (LACM) with punctate mesopleura identified as M. cyaneumHNS, but other material referable to this species (Mexico, LACM) lacks this attribute. Perhaps there is variability in the character, but the limited material is insufficient to evaluate this possibility. In M. cyaneumHNS the propodeum is more weakly angled than in the other two species and supposedly there are 8 or fewer hairs on the mesosoma (DuBois, 1986). The pilosity varies somewhat in samples referable to these three species. M. cyaneumHNS and M. depressumHNS share a petiole that is slightly curved in frontal view, as well as a petiolar node that is thicker in lateral view. M. ebeninumHNS has a petiole that is flat or weakly concave in frontal view. Thus the problem is how to separate M. cyaneumHNS and M. depressumHNS. As pointed out above, the punctate sculpturing of the mesopleura does not seem to be universal in cyaneumHNS (three syntypes examined, LACM, do not have appreciable sculpturing on the mesopleura). A characteristic of the syntypes and other specimens (from Hatillo, Mexico, LACM) is the presence of a light metallic blue sheen on the entire body (from which the species name derives). A specimen labeled as cyaneumHNS (LACM) by DuBois has mesopleural sculpturing but does not have the blue sheen.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in oak-pine-juniper woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times under stone.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times direct collection.

Elevations: collected from 1240 - 2440 meters, 1633 meters average

Type specimens: paratype: anic32-015641, casent0103528; syntype of Monomorium minimum cyaneum: casent0902284

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