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Species: Monomorium bicolor   Emery, 1877 

Download Data


(Ettershank, 1965)

See Also:

Monomorium bicolor_nr, Monomorium bicolor judaicum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Monomorium bicolor Emery, 1877a PDF: 368 (w.) ETHIOPIA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1901b PDF: 7 (q.).
Combination in Monomorium (Xeromyrmex): Wheeler, 1922: 868.
Revived status as species: Santschi, 1937d: 222; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 338.
Senior synonym of Monomorium coerulescens: Santschi, 1914d PDF: 353 (in key); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 338; of Monomorium aequatoriale, Monomorium rufibasis, Monomorium uelense, Monomorium tropicale: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 338.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Monomorium bicolor judaicum.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo
    Americas: Chile
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Neotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1987


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium bicolor   Forel, A., 1894, Abessinische und andere afrikanische Ameisen, gesammelt von Herrn Ingenieur Alfred Ilg, von Herrn Dr. Liengme, von Herrn Pfarrer Missionar P. Berthoud, Herrn Dr. Arth. Müller, etc., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 9, pp. 64-100: 88, (download) 88 3950
Monomorium bicolor   Santschi, F., 1912, Fourmis d'Afrique et de Madagascar., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 56, pp. 150-167: -1, (download) -1 3715
Monomorium bicolor n. sp.  Emery, C., 1877, Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte prima. Formiche provenienti dall Viaggio dei signori Antinori, Beccari e Issel nel Mar Rosso e nel paese de, Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 9, pp. 363-381: 368, (download) 368 3735

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in Cultives, 4 times found in Second. For., 3 times found in Savannah, 2 times found in Savannah Forest, 2 times found in Savannah For., 1 times found in Gallery For., 1 times found in in Acacia nilotica forest reserve, 1 times found in Ruderal.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times Foraging, 1 times For. in aband. term., 1 times dead branch, 1 times Sandy terr., 1 times Nest into stone.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Hand, 2 times Winkler, 1 times Pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 55 - 1714 meters, 383 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Monomorium bicolor: casent0904601; syntype of Monomorium bicolor uelense: casent0913563; syntype of Monomorium bicolor aequatoriale: casent0913561; syntype of Monomorium bicolor tropicale: casent0913562; type of Monomorium bicolor: focol1749

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