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Species: Messor barbarus   (Linnaeus, 1767) 

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See Also:

Messor barbarus gallaoides, Messor barbarus politus, Messor barbarus sahlbergi, Messor barbarus santschii

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Formica barbara Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 962 (w.) MOROCCO. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; in Messor (Messor): Forel, 1890b PDF: lxviii; in Messor: Forel, 1894d PDF: 8; in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c PDF: 125; in Messor: Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 315; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 278.
Senior synonym of Messor binodis, Messor juvenalis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; of Messor megacephala: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; of Messor rufitarsis (Foerster, 1850): Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; of Messor ambiguus, Messor nigriceps: Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 68; of Messor sordida: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 424.
Current subspecies: nominal plus M. b. gallaoides, M. b. politus, M. b. sahlbergi, M. b. santschii.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    Europe: France, Italy, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in Ruderal, 6 times found in Huerto Naranjos, 4 times found in Parque, 4 times found in Urbano, 4 times found in Plantación palmeras, 2 times found in Urbanización (césped), 1 times found in Pinus nigra forest, 2 times found in dry steppe, 2 times found in Encinar (Dehesa), 2 times found in Rural, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times Foraging, 3 times Correteando, 2 times Forrajeando, 3 times Open nest in ground, 2 times nbp, 2 times foraging on ground, 2 times Acera al lado cesped, 2 times Nido bajo piedra, 1 times nido abierto en camino, 1 times Nido abierto, 1 times nido, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 54 times Hand, 11 times search, 2 times Net.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1060 meters, 417 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 0003-04-30 and 2017-05-24

Type specimens: syntype of Aphaenogaster barbara sordida: casent0907738; syntype of Messor barbarus ambiguus: casent0913160, casent0913161; syntype of Messor barbarus nigriceps: casent0913162

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