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Species: Meranoplus unicolor   Forel, 1902 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Meranoplus diversus r. unicolor Forel, 1902j PDF: 455 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Taylor, 1990d PDF: 34.
See also: Schödl, 2007: 378.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Schoedl,, 2007, Revision of Australian Meranoplus: the Meranoplus diversus group., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 370-424

Meranoplus unicolor ForelHNS, 1902

(Figs. 4, 5, 54, 79, 91)

Meranoplus diversus Sm. r. unicolor ForelHNS, 1902: 455 ( King Sound , Western Australia; worker) - Taylor & Brown, 1985: 67 (catalogue), Taylor, 1987: 38 (listed), Taylor, 1990: 34 (raised to species), Bolton, 1995: 252 (catalogue), Shattuck, 1999: 143 (listed). Lectotype worker (MHNG, here designated), ' Typus [printed on red label] \ M. diversusHNS & # 9792; Sm r. unicolorHNS For Kings Sound N. W. Austr Frogatt [handwritten] \ 8 \ r. M. unicolor ForelHNS [handwritten] \ Coll. Forel'; 4 paralectotypes in ANIC, MHNG. According to Taylor (1990) one further syntype in Mus Victoria (not examined).

WORKERS (n = 22). TL 6.15 - 8.40, HL 1.66 - 2.15, HW 1.78 - 2.37, FC 1.27 - 1.73, CS 1.72 - 2.26, SL 0.88 - 1.1, SI 1 44 - 52, SI 2 46 - 54, PML 1.0 - 1.4, PW 1.38 - 1.85, PMI 118 - 138, PMD 1.28 - 1.80, PMI 2 89 - 100, ML 1.45 - 1.97, PSL 0.48 - 0.85, PTLL 0.46 - 0.63, PTLH 0.60 - 0.83, PTDW 0.6 - 0.85, PPLL 0.4 - 0.64, PPLH 0.55 - 0.83, PPI 64 - 77, PPDW 0.55 - 0.88, PT / PP 93 - 109.

Mandibles with three teeth. In full face view clypeal projection distinctly exceeding anterolateral frontal corners, with a median bicarinate flat elaboration, that may considerably surpass the anterior clypeal margin. Frontal carinae sinuately narrowed towards clypeus, distinctly narrower than head width (FI 134 - 148). Head weakly to distinctly wider than long (CI 104 - 118), preoccipital margin distinctly concave. Antennal scrobe in lateral view posteriorly surpassing middle of length of head, merging into lateral sides far before posterior corners; distinctly transversely carinulate at rear, occasionally with additional shagreen. Genae and ventrolateral sides of head carinate to rugose, preoccipital lobes reticulate. Eyes of moderate size (EL 0.30 - 0.36, REL 0.16 - 0.20, with 16 - 19 ommatidia in the longest row), in lateral view situated in anterior half of lateral sides of head, not reaching ventral scrobal margin. Dorsal surface of head with additional microreticulum between ridges of rugo-reticulation.

Promesonotal shield only very narrowly translucently margined. Mesonotum posteriorly markedly narrowing with the posterolateral projections reduced and bluntly rounded, occasionally as more or less well developed acute denticles. Propodeal declivity visible from above. Propodeal spines due to variable body size varying in length (0.48 - 0.85), situated above middle of length of declivity, acute and considerably diverging when seen from above.

Petiole in lateral view higher than long (PTI 70 - 86), box-shaped to roughly triangular with anterior and posterior faces meeting in an angle. Postpetiole nodiform with short to mediumsized antero-basal tooth.

First gastral tergite entirely and distinctly striate to punctate-striate, with lateral striation on corresponding ventrite as well. Surface covered with moderately dense regular pilosity consisting of shorter decumbent hairs and longer erect ones, pilosity on dorsal head shorter than that on mesosoma and gaster.

Concolorous brown to dark-brown.

MATERIALEXAMINED

South Australia: 6 km SE Box Creek , 24. ix. / 24. x. 1993 (McArthur & Adams); 19.5 km WNW Anta Hill , 16. - 19. ix. 1998 (coll. unknown); 20 km NE Macumba Station , 6. x. 1981 (D. Davidson & S. Morton). Western Australia: Kununurra , 8. viii. 1986 (B. B. Lowery); Broome , 11. viii. 1986 (B. B. Lowery); 24 mi SE Broome , 17. iv. 1963 (McInnes & Dowse); King's Sound , ' Forel No 8 '. Northern Territory: 25 km W Tempe Downs , 20. v. 1997 (J. & J. Schapel); Larrimah , 16. vii. 1981 & 28. vi. 1985 (B. B. Lowery); Tanami Desert , 18. v. 1986 (P. J. M. Greenslade); Alligator Rivers area, Jabiru , 10. v. 1983 (P. J. M. Greenslade); 60 km E Three Ways , 24. vii. 1981 (B. B. Lowery); Manbulloo SW Katherine, 25. x. 1977 (P. J. M. Greenslade); Elliot , Stuart H'way , 16. vii. 1981 (B. B. Lowery); 40 km N Wave Hill , 14. ix. 1981 (D. Davidson & S. Morton); Davenport Ra. Rd. at Bonney Creek , 6. vii. 2003 (R. R. Snelling); Kidman Springs , 23 - 30. iv. 1997 (A. Salvarani). Queensland: Camooweal , 25. vii. 1981 (B. B. Lowery); 19 km N Ebagoola , 12. viii. 1983 (P. S. Ward); Moreton Teleg. Stn. , 11. viii. 1958 (E. M. Exley); Cooktown (Staudinger); 10 km E Mt. Isa Gorge Ck. , 12. v. 1980 (B. B. Lowery); SW Sandringham , 4. vi. 1980 (P. J. M. Greenslade); Alice River (Mjoeberg); Gubberamunda , 7. - 9. v. 2002 (S. G. Wright); Gumbardo , iv. 2001 (T. Beutel). (104 workers, 3 gynes in ANIC, LACM, MCZC, NHMW, QMBA, SAMA, UQIC).

DISCUSSION

M. unicolorHNS is a variable taxon, in particular with regard to the clypeal projection and the petiolar shape. Nonetheless, the clypeal structure in addition to the distinct gastral striation should leave no doubt as to the identity of the taxon. Additional material is needed to show whether more than a single taxon is involved. Occuring from Kimberley over central Australia to the north-east coast of Queensland; missing in southern Australia.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Eucalyptus open forest, 1 times found in Eucalyptus open-forest, 1 times found in Eucalyptus woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ground nest, 1 times nest in soil.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times direct collection.

Elevations: collected at 160 m

Type specimens: Lectotype of Meranoplus unicolor: casent0908939



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