To cite this page, please use the following:
· For print: . Accessed
· For web:
|Combination in Lasius: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 50; in Donisthorpea: Donisthorpe, 1915f: 236; in Formicina: Emery, 1916a PDF: 242; in Acanthomyops: Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 45; in Lasius (Chthonolasius): Ruzsky, 1914a PDF: 59; Emery, 1925d PDF: 234; Wilson, 1955a PDF: 150.|
|Subspecies of Lasius umbratus: Forel, 1874 PDF: 47; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 430; Wheeler, 1904f PDF: 305; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 485; Emery, 1914c PDF: 159; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 528; Wheeler, 1917h PDF: 167; Emery, 1922b PDF: 13; Emery, 1925d PDF: 234; Karavaiev, 1927d: 279.|
|Status as species: André, 1882b: 196; Nasonov, 1889: 24; Ruzsky, 1902d: 15; Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 236; Emery, 1916a PDF: 242; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 32; Finzi, 1930d PDF: 317; Stärcke, 1937 PDF: 52; Stitz, 1939: 295; Holgersen, 1940 PDF: 185; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 103.|
|Revived from synonymy and status as species: Collingwood, 1962c PDF: 219; Collingwood, 1963b PDF: 149; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 80; Kutter, 1977c: 233; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 106; Seifert, 1988: 145; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 249.|
Worker. Yellow to brownish yellow; funiculus segments 2 to 5 not longer than broad; scape broadly oval in cross section. Petiole low, narrowing to emarginate dorsal border. Body pubescence coarse but sparse. Body hairs short, longest gaster hairs less than one third maximum hind tibial width. Front tibiae and scape without erect hairs, occasionally present on hind tibiae. Length: 3.5-4.5 mm.
Queen. Brownish black; head about as broad as maximum width of alitrunk. Funiculus segments 2 to 6 as broad as long. Scape broadly oval in cross section. Sides of petiole convex with emarginate dorsal border. Body pubescence sparse; microsculpture shallow but coarse. Body hairs short, rather sparse. Front tibiae and scapes without suberect hairs, occasionally one or two present on hind tibiae. Eyes with short hairs between facets. Head width: 1.42-1.68 mm. Length: 6.0-7.5 mm.
Male. Dull brownish black; mandibular dentition weak and indistinct. Pubescence sparse, microsculpture coarse with clypeus and frons weakly rugose. Body hairs short, scape and tibiae without suberect hairs. Eyes indistinctly haired. Length: 4.2-4.8 mm.
Distribution. Throughout Denmark and South Fennoscandia to 62°. - Throughout the British Isles. - Range: throughout north Eurasia and subalpine regions of Central Europe.
Biology. This species nests deep in the ground often among shrub roots and under deep boulders, but occasionally also constructs mound nests of fine loose soil. Alatae fly in August and September and fertilised queens are thought to found fresh colonies through adoption by Lasius alienusHNS and L. nigerHNS but actual recorded instances are very few or dubious. Dealate queens are often found wandering singly above ground in spring.
Note. L. mixtusHNS was synonymised by Wilson (1955) as one extreme of a variable species L. umbratus (Nyl.)HNS. However in North Europe the characteristic L. umbratusHNS with setose appendages is consistently distinct and justifies species separation (CoUingwood, 1963b).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 90 times found in Unknown, 20 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 12 times found in dry grassland, 11 times found in Wet grassland, 10 times found in Forest, 6 times found in heathlands, 4 times found in Anthropogenic, 2 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 2 times found in moorland, 1 times found in S-slope, calcarous rocks, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times under rock, 2 times under stone, 2 times pasture, under rock, 1 times under ground, 1 times grassy mound, pasture, 1 times grassy mound, at hedge, 1 times Forrajeando al sol, 1 times forest margin, under boulder, 1 times foraging with L. fuliginosus workers, 1 times between stones.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 62 times Pitfall trap, 18 times Manual catch, 5 times search, 3 times Malaise trap, 3 times Hand.
Elevations: collected from 430 - 1750 meters, 766 meters average