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Figures 17, 20
Holotype worker. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Sao Bonifacio, P.E. da Serra do Tabuleiro GoogleMaps, 27°49'06'S 48°54'41"W, 8-13.iii.2004, R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz & N.L. Albuquerque cols, no. 27 [MZSP] GoogleMaps.
Paratypes. same data as holotype, nos. 3/27 (3 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 27 (1 worker) [CASC] GoogleMaps; BRAZIL: Espirito Santo: Santa Teresa GoogleMaps, E.B. Santa Lucia, 19°58'09'S 40°32'15'W, 20- 24.i.2002, J.H. Schoereder & C.R. Ribas cols, no. 37 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 37 (1 worker) [USNM] GoogleMaps; Santa Catarina: Blumenau GoogleMaps, P.E. das Nascentes, 27°06'15'S 49°09'14'W, 20-27.x.2000, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, nos. 13/17/20/24 (4 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Parana: Tunas GoogleMaps, P. das Lauraceas, 24°51'16'S 48°43'00'W, 21-29.ii.2001, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, nos. 7/9/11/13/17/28/50 (6 workers e 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [AMNH] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [BMNH] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [ICNC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [IHVL] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 9 (1 worker) [INBC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 28 (1 worker) [MIZA] GoogleMaps; Sao Paulo: Salesopolis , E.B.B., 12-17.iv.1997, B.H. Dietz & C. I. Yamamoto cols, nos. 4/24 (2 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP]; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [WPMC]; same locality, 20-26.x.1997, C. Klingenberg & C.I. Yamamoto cols, no. 22 (1 worker) [MZSP].
Worker diagnosis. Body irregularly covered by vermiculate, short, relatively sparse rugae; promesonotum moderately convex; metanotal groove shallowly impressed to obsolete; propodeal spines straight; teeth of propodeal lobes reduced and swollen basally; dorsum of postpetiole with more than 10 long hairs; first tergite of gaster devoid of long flexuous hairs.
Holotype measurements. HL 0.73; HW 0.72; ML 0.24; SL 0.47; EL 0.14; WL 0.85; PSL 0.17; PL 0.36; PPL 0.14; GL 0.98; TL 3.30; CI 98; SI 66; OI 20.
Worker measurements (n=33). HL 0.52-0.76; HW 0.54-0.76; ML 0.16-0.25; SL 0.30-0.51; EL 0.08- 0.16; WL 0.57-0.93; PSL 0.11-0.21; PL 0.22-0.39; PPL 0.12-0.19; TL 2.26-3.51; GL 0.68-1.02; CI 97-103; SI 51-66; OI 15-22.
Gyne measurements (n=9). HL 0.69-0.78; HW 0.69-0.79; ML 0.21-0.26; SL 0.44-0.49; EL 0.18-0.21; WL 0.85-1.06; PSL 0.16-0.22; PL 0.35-0.41; PPL 0.13-0.18; GL 0.94-1.17; TL 3.21-3.83; CI 99-101; SI 61-66; OI 24-279.
Worker description. Body reddish-brown to black, with gaster and appendages slightly lighter. Body irregularly covered by short, relatively sparse rugae, somewhat longer and longitudinal on head dorsum; mandibles with short longitudinal striae restricted to basal portion; petiole and postpetiole finely and irregularly rugose. Abundant pilosity on head and promesonotum dorsum; dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole each with more than 10 long hairs; first gastral tergite entirely devoid of long flexuous hairs.
Head usually as long as broad, with vertexal margin moderately convex; frontal lobes laterally rounded; eyes with about seven facets on maximum diameter. Promesonotum moderately convex in profile, but distinctly higher than propodeum level; metanotal groove shallow to virtually obsolete; propodeal spines straight; teeth of propodeal lobes swollen and very reduced, with less than one-third of propodeal spines length. Petiolar node moderately elevated, dorsally rounded, and with the posterior face weakly sloped in lateral view; postpetiole weakly convex dorsally and without ventral processes.
Gyne. Differing from worker by the following combination of characters: body pilosity denser and shorter, with first tergite of gaster bearing around 10 long flexuous hairs at the anterior portion, near postpetiole insertion; eyes with around 13 facets at greatest diameter; petiolar node comparatively lower.
Etymology. The name of this species is an homage to Victor Vieira da Silva, son of the colleague myrmecologist Rogerio Rosa da Silva.
Comments. While examining specimens of Lachnomyrmex plaumanniHNS from the MZSP collection, one of us (RMF) noticed that there was a morphologically distinct subgroup of individuals, all collected in the same range of L. plaumanniHNS. In the pin of one of these individuals there was a manuscript note made by Father Thomas Borgmeier in which he recognized a group of workers that differed from the typical L. plaumanniHNS by the larger size and straight propodeal spines, rather than the curved ones of the latter. The study of recently collected LachnomyrmexHNS specimens deposited in the MZSP collection, led us to recognize these specimens and several others as a different and undescribed species sympatric with L. plaumanniHNS.
Further than the characters pointed out by Borgmeier, workers of L. victoriHNS can be distinguished from L. plaumanniHNS and the other congeners also by the promesonotum only moderately elevated, metanotal suture ill impressed, dorsum of postpetiole with more than 10 long hairs, and first gastral tergite devoid of long hairs.
As far as we know, L. victoriHNS occurs in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil, at 300-1050m elevation. As in L. plaumanniHNS, there is a single record of a L. victoriHNS worker foraging in the vegetation. It was collected on the trunk of Croton floribundus (Euphorbiaceae), in the state of Sao Paulo (M.S. Morini, pers. comm.).
Additional material examined. BRAZIL: Bahia: Ilheus , iv.1996, J. Assis col. (1 gyne) [CPDC]; same locality, x.1996, L.S. Ramos col., no. 5119 (2 workers) [CPDC]; Marau , 23.x.1998, J.R.M. Santos col. (1 worker) [MZSP]; Sao Jose, Vitoria Puaias GoogleMaps, 15°03'N 39° 20'W, 22.v.2000, J.R.M. Santos col., no. A38 (1 worker) [CPDC] GoogleMaps; Parana: Bocaiuva , v.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 4000 (1 gyne) [MZSP]; same locality, xi.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 3870 (1 worker) [MZSP]; Santa Catarina: Chapeco , vi.1960, F. Plaumann col. (1 gyne) [MZSP]; Concordia , ix.1959, F. Plaumann col., no. 8296a (1 worker) [MZSP]; Ibicare , vii.1959, F. Plaumann col., no. 3128 (4 workers) [MZSP]; Nova Teutonia , ix.1954, F. Plaumann col., no. 8216 (4 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP]; same locality, xi.1957, F. Plaumann col. (1 worker) [MZSP]; same locality, xii.1958, F. Plaumann col., no. 8307 (1 worker) [MZSP]; same locality, vii.1959, F. Plaumann col. (1 worker) [MZSP]; same locality, vi.1960, F. Plaumann col., no. 3960 (1 worker and 1 gyne) [MZSP]; same locality, vi.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 3710 (1 gyne) [MZSP]; Seara , viii.1958, F. Plaumann col., no. 2708 (3 workers) [MZSP]; same data (1 worker) [MZSP]; Sao Paulo: Cunha, P.E. da Serra do Mar, Nucleo Indaia GoogleMaps, 23°15'03'S 45°00'26"W, 21-22.iv.2001, R.R. Silva & A.A. Tavares cols, no. 31 (3 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Mogi das Cruzes, P.N.M. da Serra do Itapeti, Trilha do Esquilo GoogleMaps, 22.iv.1999, 23°29'22'S 46°11'55"W, A.S.M. Cassarotti col., no. C 2.2 (1 worker) [CPMS] GoogleMaps; Ribeirao Grande, P.E. Intervales, Barra Grande GoogleMaps, 24°18'30'S 48°25'10'W, 5.ii.1999, A.A. Tavares col., no. T2-15 (1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 1 times found in Brazilian Atlantic forest, 1 times found in Ombrophilous Forest.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times Winkler, 2 times Winkler of rotten log, 1 times Transecto I, Winkler 07, 1 times Winkler 27.
Elevations: collected from 1300 - 1305 meters, 1302 meters average