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Species: Iridomyrmex bicknelli   Emery, 1898 

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See Also:

Iridomyrmex bicknelli_cf, Iridomyrmex bicknelli luteus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Iridomyrmex bicknelli Emery, 1898b: 236, figs. 6, 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Synonym of Formica gracilis [missing reference] Lowne, [no year] (junior homonym) and hence first available replacement name: Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in Grazed Euc. dieback area, 7 times found in Mallee, 7 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 6 times found in Dune, 5 times found in Heath, 3 times found in sandplain heath, 2 times found in Vegetated coastal dunes, 2 times found in dunes, 2 times found in vineyard, 2 times found in Eucalypt forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times nest in soil under stone, 2 times Nest, 2 times On ground, 1 times day strays, 1 times Melaleuca in dry rill, 2 times in soil under stone, 2 times In dry creek bed, 2 times On Leptospermum flowers, 1 times Foraging on ground, 2 times Under stones alluvial soil, 2 times E.behriana mallee, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Pitfall, 6 times Pitfalls, 6 times pitfall trap, 4 times By hand, 4 times traps, 3 times Pitfall traps, 2 times direct collection, 2 times trap, 2 times Malaise, 1 times 2 m Townes malaise, 2 times beating, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1400 meters, 353 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Formica gracilis: casent0903081; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: casent0905053; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli splendidus: casent0909505; type of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: focol2834; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Iridomyrmex gracilis papuanus cinerea: casent0905046

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