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Species: Hypoponera trigona   (Mayr, 1887) 

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See Also:

Hypoponera trigona cauta

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Ponera punctatissima var. trigona Mayr, 1887 PDF: 537 (w.q.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Hypoponera (Hypoponera): Santschi, 1938b PDF: 79; in Hypoponera: Taylor, 1968a PDF: 65.
Subspecies of Hypoponera confinis: Emery, 1895n: 64.
Raised to species: Forel, 1893j PDF: 364; Emery, 1911e PDF: 92; Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 80.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Hypoponera trigona cauta.
See also: Kempf, 1962b PDF: 10.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Itapúa, Ñeembucú


J. Longino: In Costa Rica this species occurs throughout the country in a wide variety of habitats, from sea level to about 1000m elevation. Although most abundant in mature wet forest habitats, I have collected it in dry-forest riparian habitat at Finca La Pacifica in Guanacaste Province. The species occurs very often in Winkler samples of leaf litter from the forest floor. I rarely collect it by other means. At La Selva I found a nest in dead wood on top of large rotten log. At the Arenal Observatory Lodge I found a nest in rotten wood on the forest floor. At the Maritza Biological Station in Guanacaste Conservation Area workers came to honey/tuna baits on the ground.

Longino, 20 Jun 2014: For many years I used the morphospecies code Hypoponera JTL007 for this species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

trigona (MayrHNS 1887).

Itapúa (ALWC). Literature records: Ñeembucú, “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Emery 1896a, Fowler 1981).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 63 times found in mature wet forest, 43 times found in montane wet forest, 36 times found in tropical rainforest, 33 times found in rainforest, 11 times found in wet forest, 12 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in wet forest fragment, 3 times found in LOC, 2 times found in SSA, 1 times found in Parc. sucesionales, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 152 times ex sifted leaf litter, 27 times Hojarasca, 11 times Camino toma de Agua, 7 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, 4 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 1 times ex sifted leaf litter and rotten wood, 1 times Bosque Primario, Suelo, 3 times Alrrededor de trampa M/03, 3 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times under epiphytes, 2 times Muestras tomada en el transecto de Mini Winkler #2, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 131 times miniWinkler, 42 times Winkler, 40 times Berlese, 23 times Mini Winkler, 8 times search.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1800 meters, 228 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Ponera punctatissima trigona: casent0902571, casent0915871

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