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Species: Hypoponera surda   Bolton & Fisher, 2011 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Hypoponera surda Bolton & Fisher, 2011 PDF: 104, figs. 118-120 (w.) KENYA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Kenya
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2011, Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2843, pp. 1-118

Hypoponera surda Bolton & FisherHNS sp. n.

(Figs 118 – 120)

WORKER (holotype in parentheses). Measurements: HL 0.63 – 0.68 (0.66), HW 0.52 – 0.56 (0.54), HS 0.585 – 0.620 (0.600), SL 0.46 – 0.48 (0.48), PrW 0.40 – 0.42 (0.42), WL 0.86 – 0.90 (0.88), HFL 0.48 (0.48), PeNL 0.19 – 0.21 (0.20), PeH 0.40 – 0.45 (0.45), PeNW 0.28 – 0.30 (0.30), PeS 0.297 – 0.317 (0.317) (5 measured). Indices: CI 82 – 83 (82), SI 86 – 91 (89), PeNI 69 – 71 (71), LPeI 44 – 50 (44), DPeI 140 – 150 (150).

FIGURES 118 – 120. Lateral, full face and dorsal view of body. Hypoponera surdaHNS paratype worker CASENT0226544.

Eyes absent. Apex of scape, when laid straight back from its insertion, just fails to reach, or just touches, the midpoint of the posterior margin in full-face view; SL/HL 0.71 – 0.75. Cephalic dorsum finely reticulate-punctate. Pronotal dorsum almost smooth, obviously much less strongly and densely sculptured than cephalic dorsum. Metanotal groove absent from dorsum of mesosoma. Mesonotal-mesopleural suture absent from side of mesosoma. Propodeum weakly marginate between declivity and side. Posterior surface of petiole node with a series of very short cuticular ridges that radiate upward from the peduncle. Node of petiole in profile with the anterior and posterior faces parallel, the dorsum shallowly convex. Petiole node in dorsal view thickly D-shaped, posterior face transverse and anterior face strongly and quite narrowly convex. Subpetiolar process blunt or with a feeble ventral angle. Maximum width of first gastral tergite in dorsal view greater than width of second gastral tergite at its midlength . Cross-ribs at base of cinctus of second gastral tergite conspicuous. Midline length of second gastral posttergite , from posterior margin of cinctus to apex, is about equal to the width of the segment at its midlength. Disc of second gastral tergite with small punctures that are relatively widely spaced and separated by areas of glossy cuticle ; the diameters of the punctures are less than the distances that separate the punctures. First and second gastral tergites dorsally pubescent and with a number of short standing setae that project above the level of the pubescence.

Holotype worker (upper of two specimens on pin), Kenya: Embu, Kirimiri For. W. of Runyenje, 1550 m., 3.x.1977 (V. Mahnert & J.-L. Perret) (MHNG).

Paratypes. 8 workers with same data as holotype (MHNG, BMNH, CASC, BBRC).

Among the species that possess cuticular ridges at the base of the posterior face of the petiole node, surdaHNS is fairly distinct. The two species faexHNS and hebesHNS have very coarse cephalic and pronotal sculpture, whereas in surdaHNS the cephalic sculpture is fine and almost effaced on the pronotum. In addition, faexHNS is much larger (HW 0.72) and has well-developed eyes, while hebesHNS has a broader petiole node (PeNI 80 – 84) and very obvious long, standing setae on the first and second gastral tergites dorsally; these are much longer and more conspicuous than those of surdaHNS. The remaining species, mixtaHNS, jeanneliHNS, jocosaHNS, quaestioHNS and ursaHNS, have more densely packed punctate sculpture on the disc of the second gastral tergite, and have petiole nodes that are not distinctly thickly D-shaped in dorsal view. See also the notes under jeanneliHNS.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 1550 m

Type specimens: Holotype of Hypoponera surda: casent0911178; paratype of Hypoponera surda: casent0226544, casent0902547



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