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Species: Hypoponera jocosa   Bolton & Fisher, 2011 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Hypoponera jocosa Bolton & Fisher, 2011 PDF: 64 (w.q.) ETHIOPIA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Ethiopia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2011, Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2843, pp. 1-118

Hypoponera jocosa Bolton & FisherHNS sp. n.

WORKER (holotype in parentheses). Measurements: HL 0.59 – 0.60 (0.60), HW 0.48 (0.48), HS 0.535 – 0.540 (0.540), SL 0.39 – 0.41 (0.40), PrW 0.36 – 0.38 (0.37), WL 0.76 – 0.80 (0.78), HFL 0.39 – 0.40 (0.38), PeNL 0.14 – 0.15 (0.15), PeH 0.38 – 0.40 (0.39), PeNW 0.25 – 0.28 (0.27), PeS 0.257 – 0.273 (0.270) (3 measured). Indices: CI 80 – 81 (80), SI 81 – 85 (83), PeNI 69 – 74 (73), LPeI 35 – 37 (38), DPeI 179 – 200 (180).

Eyes absent. Apex of scape, when laid straight back from its insertion, distinctly fails to reach the midpoint of the posterior margin in full-face view; SL/HL 0.66 – 0.68. Cephalic dorsum densely reticulate-punctate; lateroventral surfaces of head with scattered small punctures that are separated by shining areas of cuticle. Pronotal dorsum obviously much less strongly and less densely sculptured than cephalic dorsum, with scattered small punctures. Metanotal groove absent from dorsum of mesosoma, though a faint vestige of the junction between mesonotum and propodeum remains. Propodeum marginate between declivity and side. Posterior surface of petiole node with about 4 short, inconspicuous cuticular ridges that are restricted to the extreme apex of the peduncle and extreme base of the node. Node of petiole in profile slender, short and high, with the anterior and posterior faces parallel and the dorsum shallowly convex. Petiole node in dorsal view broad relative to its length; posterior face transverse and anterior face convex, the dorsum longest medially and tapering rapidly on both sides. Subpetiolar process with a blunt ventral angle. Maximum width of first gastral tergite in dorsal view slightly greater than width of second gastral tergite at its midlength. Cross-ribs at base of cinctus of second gastral tergite very conspicuous, coarse and densely crowded. Midline length of second gastral posttergite, from posterior margin of cinctus to apex, is distinctly less than the width of the segment at its midlength. Disc of second gastral tergite with sharply incised, coarse, conspicuous punctures that are separated by areas of glossy cuticle; the diameters of the punctures are equal to or slightly less than the distances that separate the punctures. First gastral tergite in profile densely pubescent dorsally and with short setae present. Full adult colour: cephalic dorsum black; mesosoma, petiole and gaster dark brown.

Holotype worker, Ethiopia: Ilubador Region, Buno Bedele, nr Bedele, 29/31.vii.2002, Museo Zoologico “ La Specola ”, num. MAG 2484 (A. Sforzi & L. Bartolozzi) (MSNF). Paratypes. 2 workers and 1 dealate queen, with same data as holotype (MSNF, BBRC).

Although known from only three worker specimens, jocosaHNS is easily distinguished from all other known species in its complex. The species that resemble jocosaHNS most closely include jeanneliHNS, mixtaHNS, quaestioHNS, surdaHNS and ursaHNS (see under jeanneliHNS), but in all of these the petiole node is distinctly less slender in profile and is relatively narrower in dorsal view. LPeI and DPeI in jocosaHNS are 35 – 38 and 179 – 200 respectively, whereas the indices in the other five together are LPeI 43 – 50 and DPeI 137 – 172. In addition, the scapes of jocosaHNS are relatively short, with SI 81 – 85 and SL/HL 0.66 – 0.68. In mixtaHNS, surdaHNS and ursaHNS these indices are SI 86 – 93, SL/HL 0.71 – 0.75. There is overlap with jocosaHNS only in some specimens of jeanneliHNS, which has SI 82 – 88, SL/HL 0.64 – 0.72, but in this species LPeI is greater than, and DPeI less than, the figures seen in jocosaHNS.

The ridges at the base of the posterior face of the petiole are small and inconspicuous. If these are overlooked, jocosaHNS specimens will key out at the couplet that contains molestaHNS and venustaHNS. However, the differently shaped petioles of the three species will quickly separate them. In molestaHNS and venustaHNS together, their combined LPeI is 47 – 56, considerably greater than the LPeI 35 – 37 of jocosaHNS. Individually, the PeNI of molestaHNS (89 – 94) is much greater than that of jocosaHNS (69 – 74), while the DPeI of venustaHNS (139 – 160) is much lower than that of jocosaHNS (179 – 200).

In the known Ethiopian fauna jocosa resembles juxtaHNS. The possibility must be considered that the latter is merely a small representative of the former in which the minute cuticular ridges of the posterior petiole have been lost. However, among the very few specimens currently available the juxtaHNS holotype is distinctly smaller than the specimens of jocosaHNS and has a somewhat differently shaped petiole, as indicated by comparison of their respective measurements and indices. For the present, until more material can be accumulated, these differences are considered sufficient to separate them as separate taxa.

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