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Species: Hypoponera distinguenda   (Emery, 1890) 

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See Also:

Hypoponera distinguenda dispar, Hypoponera distinguenda histrio, Hypoponera distinguenda inexpedita, Hypoponera distinguenda vana

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Ponera distinguenda Emery, 1890b: 61 (w.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Santschi, 1929d PDF: 277 (q.).
Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 121.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama, Paraguay, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Throughout tropical South America, Central America to Guatemala. Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet forest habitats, low and middle elevations. Hitoy Cerere, Turrialba, La Selva Biological Station and north slope Volcan Barba to 800m, Monteverde (San Luis Valley), Carara, Osa.


Natural History:

This species occurs in leaf litter on the forest floor. I know it mainly from Winkler and Berlese samples. At Sirena in Corcovado National Park, I observed 10 adults emerging from the leaf litter and attacking an earthworm that was exposed on a dead leaf.


Emery, C. 1890. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Decembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)10:55-76.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

distinguenda (EmeryHNS 1890a).

Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caaguazú, Canindeyú, Concepción, Itapúa (ALWC, INBP, LACM, MHNG, MZSP). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s.loc.) (Emery 1890a, Forel 1895).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 295 times found in mature wet forest, 32 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in SSO, 6 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in SSA, 1 times found in CC, 1 times found in LOC, 5 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in Puesto7,202G,10m, 1 times found in Sendero Jaguar, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 302 times Ex sifted leaf litter, 33 times Hojarasca, 2 times Hojarasca., 5 times sifted litter, 1 times Bosque Primario, Suelo, 1 times attacking annelid on ground, 1 times ex sifted leaf litter and rotten wood, 1 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, 1 times bajo tronco, 1 times bajo de M/03, 1 times Ants collected by Mauricio Ramirez, Río San Luis near Miguel Leiton house., ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 294 times miniWinkler, 21 times Winkler, 28 times Mini Winkler, 13 times Berlese, 3 times Search, 1 times berlese funnel, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 36 hours, 1 times direct collection, 1 times flight intercept trap, 1 times Manual.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1190 meters, 151 meters average

Type specimens: paratype: jtl021917

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