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Species: Formica picea   Nylander, 1846 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica picea Nylander, 1846a PDF: 917 (w.q.) FINLAND. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Junior primary homonym of Formica picea Leach, 1825 PDF: 292.].
First available replacement name: Formica candida Smith, 1878b PDF: 11; designated by Bolton, 1995b: 201.
Forel, 1914b PDF: 1 (m.).
Revived from synonymy as subspecies of Formica fusca: Emery, 1909b PDF: 195.
Revived status as species: Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352.
Senior synonym of Formica candida: Emery, 1925d PDF: 249; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica glabra White, [no year]: Donisthorpe, 1918a PDF: 9; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica transkaucasica: Emery, 1909b PDF: 195; Donisthorpe, 1918a PDF: 9; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica inplana, Formica lochmatteri, Formica orientalis: Dlussky, 1965: 31; of Formica piceoinplana: Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61.
Material of the following unavailable names referred here: Formica filchneri by Emery, 1909b PDF: 195; Formica piceoorientalis by Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Formica transcaucasicogagates by Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61.
Returned to valid species with Formica picea as retained name: Seifert, 2004 PDF: 31.
See also: Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 35.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: China, India, Mongolia
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944

13. F. piceaHNS.

Operaria: piceo-nigra nitidissima; mandibulis, anlennis pedibusque piceis; ocellis minutis; squama subtriangulariter rotundata; abdomine inprimis albo-pilosulo.

Hujus speciei neglectae hucusque tantum operariam pardus in sphagnosis ad Helsiogfors et Uleaborg inveni; diffusa igitur saltem per totam patriam videtur.

[[ worker ]]. Long. circiter 2 lin. Simillima sequenti. Nigra tota, mandibulis tantum et antennis piceo-rufescentibus, flagellis obscurioribus; pedibus quoque trochanteribus, geniculis et tarsis rufescentibus, tibiis femoribusque interdum ejusdem fere etiam coloris. Caput magnitudinis mediocris et formae sicut in F. rufaHNS, pilis parcis albidis conspersum. Palpi maxillares atri ut in F. rufaHNS constructi. Clypeus distincte carinulatus. Area frontalis sat distincte limitata, nitore reliquarum partium capitis. Oculi majores quam in praecedente ovales, paulo prominuli. Occiput (minime nt in praecedente emarginatum) aequaliter convexiusculum. Thorax nitidus subtilissime sparse adpresse albido pubescens, pilis nonnullis erectis in pronoto, depressione inter pulvinar pro- et mesonoti atque metanotum minori quam in F. rufaHNS, aliis proporfionibus fere iisdem ac in hac specie. Squama altitudine abdominis sursum paullo latior, angulis parum rotundatis, supra sub truncata vel margine convexiusculo. Abdomen nitidissimum nigrum (nitore cinereo-sericeo ne minimo quidem), supra visum rotundatum, capite latius, pilis longiusculis sparsis albidis solito more ante margines segmentorum serie et alibi rarius dispositis. Pedes adpresse subtiliter cinerascenti-pubescentes, tibiis latere interiori setulis nonnullis.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 70 times found in Unknown, 42 times found in heathlands, 17 times found in bogs & fenns, 2 times found in Turbera, 2 times found in Wet grassland, 1 times found in shrubs, 1 times found in small wetland in open, 1 times found in subalpine zone with pine shrubs, 1 times found in dry grassland, 1 times found in hanging bog.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times small nest mound in bog, 1 times moss bump, 1 times ground foragers.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 51 times Pitfall trap, 27 times Manual catch, 3 times search, 3 times Malaise trap, 2 times Hand, 1 times Window trap.

Elevations: collected from 17 - 4325 meters, 2167 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Formica fusca orientalis: casent0917249



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