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Species: Formica fusca   Linnaeus, 1758 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Formica fusca_cf, Formica fusca_nr, Formica fusca alpicola, Formica fusca fuscolemani, Formica fusca hyrcana, Formica fusca maura, Formica fusca tombeuri

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 5 valid subspecies

Formica fusca Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. Primary type information: “Habitat in Europae” Note: type-locality Sweden, after Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 426, Yarrow, 1954a PDF: 232. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Formica (Serviformica): Forel, 1913j PDF: 361.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Indomalaya Region: India, Nepal
Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Neotropical Region: Costa Rica, Mexico
Palearctic Region: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Formica fusca   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 67, (download) 67 3926
Formica fusca   Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944: 919-920, (download) 919-920 4277
Formica fusca   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Formica fusca   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 120, (download) 120 6175
Formica fusca   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher: 33-35, (download) 33-35 8138
Formica fusca   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 3, (download) 3 8200
Formica fusca   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 10, (download) 10 8200
Formica fusca   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher: 35-36, (download) 35-36 8138

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 874 times found in Unknown, 185 times found in heathlands, 135 times found in Forest, 91 times found in Anthropogenic, 77 times found in dry grassland, 43 times found in shrubs, 34 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 32 times found in Spruce-fir Forest, 25 times found in Wet grassland, 25 times found in Aspen forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 89 times under rock, 17 times log stage 4, 11 times log stage 3, 11 times under stone, 5 times Nido bajo piedra, 4 times nest under rock, 7 times Nest under stone, 5 times log stage 5, 5 times under log, 5 times wind timber, 5 times under wood, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 458 times Manual catch, 332 times Pitfall trap, 29 times Hand, 31 times search, 13 times hand collecting, 26 times Malaise trap, 14 times Window trap, 6 times beating, 4 times insect net, 4 times under rock; timberline, 4 times White color trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 4175 meters, 1977 meters average

Type specimens: type of Formica fusca: casent0903269; type of Formica fusca var. rufipes: focol2746, focol2747; unpublished name: Formica glebaria maura: antweb1008409, antweb1008410



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