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Species: Formica candida   Smith, 1878 

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Formica candida formosae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica candida Smith, 1878b PDF: 11 (q.) KYRGYZSTAN. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Smith's description is repeated by Bingham, 1903 PDF: 335 (footnote).].
Hence Formica candida first available replacement name for Formica picea Nylander, 1846a PDF: 917 [Junior primary homonym of Formica picea Leach, 1825 PDF: 292 (now in Camponotus).]: Bolton, 1995b: 192.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Formica candida formosae.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal
    Europe: Russia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420

3. F. fusca, L. Race F. gagatesHNS (Latr.)

= F. picea (Nyl.)HNS = F. glabra (W. White)HNS. = F. candida (Smith)HNS.

Lahoul, frontiere du Thibet (Major Sage), Thibet (par M. Wroughton). Identique aux individus europeens. Yarkand (Smith). La F. candida SmithHNS est evidemment une F. gagatesHNS. Race F. fuscaHNS, i. sp., L. = F. glebariaHNS, Nyl. Mussoric Hills (M. Smythies). Pachmarhi pres de Jubulpore, Inde centrale (M. Schurr). Indentique aux individus europeens. Race F. rufibarbisHNS (Fab.) = F. cuniculariaHNS (Latr.) = F. obsoletaHNS (Latr.) = F. stenopteraHNS (Foerst.) = F. fraternaHNS et F. defensorHNS (Smith?) Dharmsala (Major Sage). Lahoul, frontiere du Thibet (Major Sage), Identique aux exemplaies europeens. La F. fraterna (Smith)HNS est evidemment la F. rufibarbisHNS. La F. defensor (Smith)HNS est peut-etre la vari t suivante.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in semi-desert with F. candida, 1 times found in in pasture at edge of fir forest, 1 times found in roadside in open.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times under cardboard, 1 times ground forager(s).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times search, 1 times Hand.

Elevations: collected from 66 - 3700 meters, 2232 meters average

Type specimens: neotype of Formica candida: antweb1008387; type of Formica candida: focol0760-1, focol0760-2, focol0760-3, casent0903272

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