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Species: Dorylus helvolus   (Linnaeus, 1764) 

Download Data

See Also:

Dorylus helvolus_nr, Dorylus helvolus pretoriae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Vespa helvola Linnaeus, 1764: 412 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 968 (w.); Emery, 1888b PDF: 344 (q.).
Combination in Dorylus: Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 365.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Dorylus helvolus pretoriae.
See also: Arnold, 1915: 116.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Botswana, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Europe: Italy
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b


Caste of types: (m)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Dorylus helvolus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 3, (download) 3 3788
Dorylus helvolus   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 61, (download) 61 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in grassland, 6 times found in montane rainforest, 1 times found in Afromontane forest edge.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times ground forager(s), 4 times under stone, 2 times ex rotten log, 2 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times direct collection, 1 times MW sample transect, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 5m, 1 times Pitfalls, 1 times W 1 large mixed sample.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1750 meters, 1029 meters average

Type specimens: Paratype: sam-ent-011577; type of Typhlopone europaea: focol1083, focol1084, focol1085, focol1086

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