Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:

Species: Dorylus helvolus   (Linnaeus, 1764) 

Download Data

See Also:

Dorylus helvolus_nr, Dorylus helvolus pretoriae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Vespa helvola Linnaeus, 1764: 412 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 968 (w.); Emery, 1888b PDF: 344 (q.).
Combination in Dorylus: Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 365.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Dorylus helvolus pretoriae.
See also: Arnold, 1915: 116.

Taxon Page Images:

Male Dorylus helvolus; photo by Tony Rebelo; Traveller's Rest, Cederberg, Western Cape

Dorylus helvolus workers; Photo by Johan Pretorius, Welkom, Free State


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Europe: Italy
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b


Caste of types: (m)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Dorylus helvolus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 3, (download) 3 3788
Dorylus helvolus   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 61, (download) 61 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 20 times found in grassland, 6 times found in montane rainforest, 1 times found in Rand Highveld Grassland, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in Maize field, 2 times found in Lydenburg Montane Grassland, 1 times found in Acacia Closed Woodland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 1 times found in Afromontane forest edge, 1 times found in Combretum erythrophyllum Riverine Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 1 times found in Sclerocarya - Bolusanthus Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times leaf litter, 3 times ground forager(s), 4 times under stone, 3 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 3 times ex rotten log.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times Hand collected, 6 times Winkler, 9 times Pitfall trap, 1 times Subterranean trap, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 24 hours, 1 times direct collection, 1 times MW sample transect, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 5m, 1 times Pitfalls, 1 times W 1 large mixed sample.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1750 meters, 1190 meters average

Type specimens: Paratype: sam-ent-011577; type of Typhlopone europaea: focol1083, focol1084, focol1085, focol1086

See something amiss? Send us an email.