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Species: Crematogaster raptor   Longino, 2003 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Crematogaster raptor Longino, 2003A PDF: 99, pls. 2, 8 (w.q.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica.

Biology:

Natural History:

Crematogaster raptor occurs in lowland wet forest habitats. I first collected the species in Corcovado National Park on the Osa Peninsula. In a study of visitors to the extrafloral nectaries of a Passiflora species, the new shoots of one plant were always occupied by this species of Crematogaster. After following activity on this plant for two years, I traced the workers back to their nest. The nest was a small mass of carton wedged between a rotten stick and a live stem, about 1.5m above the ground. This collection yielded workers only.

I encountered a second colony while collecting on Cerro Tortuguero on the north Atlantic coast. Workers and brood were densely packed in a dead, square-stemmed vine. The vine, 2-3cm diameter, was fragmented and nothing but a thin papery shell. Also associated with the fragmented vine was a globular carton nest about 10cm wide. The carton was mainly a shell with a few internal partitions, and was bare of epiphytes. Workers were tending Homoptera on various branches around the nest. In addition to workers and brood, I found two teneral winged queens and a male in the carton nest.

At La Selva Biological Station, the species is known from a single queen. Adrienne Nicotra discovered a small single-queened colony of C. carinata in a live stem of Siparuna tonduziana (Monimiaceae). Coinhabiting this nest was a single dealate queen of C. raptor. This observation, along with the shininess of the queen and the strongly falcate mandibles, suggest temporary social parasitism as a mechanism of colony founding.

The only other collection of C. raptor is stray workers taken during nocturnal collecting in forest along the Rio Pacuare, at 200m elevation.

Notes:

This species is very similar to indefensa Kempf 1968. It shares with indefensa a lack of propodeal spines and a shiny queen with falcate mandibles. It differs in the presence of abundant flexuous setae and a more robust petiole. Crematogaster indefensa is known from a 1000m elevation site in Bolivia.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150

Crematogaster raptorHNS NEW SPECIES

Plate 2, 8

Holotype worker

Costa Rica, Prov. Limón, Tortuguero, 5m GoogleMaps, 10°35'N, 83°31'W, 2 Jul 1985 (Longino, collection code JTL0346) [INBC, specimen code JTLC000001412].

Paratypes

One worker, same data as holotype [BMNH, specimen code JTLC000001413]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [LACM, specimen code JTLC000001414]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [MCZC, specimen code JTLC000001415]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [MHNG, specimen code JTLC000001416]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [NHMB, specimen code JTLC000001417]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [UCDC, specimen code JTLC000001418]; GoogleMaps one worker, same data [USNM, specimen code JTLC000001419] GoogleMaps.

CrematogasterHNS JTL-001: Longino et al. 2002.

Range

Costa Rica.

Description of worker

Color dark red brown to black.

Mandibles striate, shiny; clypeus weakly emarginate anteriorly, convex dorsally, shiny; face smooth and shiny; scapes with a combination of erect and subdecumbent setae, setae abundant, of variable length, longest erect setae longer than width of scape; terminal three segments of antenna enlarged, forming distinct three-segmented club; face with abundant erect flexuous white setae; in full face view abundant setae projecting from posterior margin and sides of head.

In lateral view, promesonotum forming a single, somewhat flat-topped convexity, rising steeply anteriorly, dropping steeply posteriorly, and slightly impressed at promesonotal suture; propodeal suture deep and broad, v-shaped; dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum distinct; propodeal spines in the form of broad, low, nearly right angles rather than spiniform, the vertex of the angle forming a variably developed short acute tooth; side of pronotum and dorsolateral propodeum smooth and shiny; katepisternum and ventrolateral propodeum with variably developed faint areolate rugose sculpture; promesonotal dorsum and dorsal face of propodeum with faint irregular rugae and etchings, sublucid; posterior face of propodeum smooth and shiny; promesonotum and dorsal face of propodeum with abundant whitish erect flexuous setae of variable lengths, no setae on posterior face of propodeum; legs with abundant erect and suberect setae.

Petiole robust, in side view trapezoidal, with microareolate sculpture; anteroventral tooth well-developed, deep, forming a strong right to slightly obtuse angle; dorsal face rectangular, longer than wide, slightly wider posteriorly than anteriorly, smooth and shiny, with row of setae across posterior margin; postpetiole with very small ventral tooth, blunt to acute; postpetiole in dorsal view subquadrate, wider than long, posterior margin emarginate, with longitudinal median sulcus; fourth abdominal tergite smooth and shiny; postpetiole and fourth abdominal tergite with abundant whitish erect flexuous setae.

Measurements

Holotype: HL 0.671, HW 0.689, HC 0.618, SL 0.639, EL 0.157, WL 0.791, SPL 0.070, PTH 0.205, PTL 0.287, PTW 0.226, PPL 0.185, PPW 0.226, CI 103, OI 23, SI 95, PTHI 71, PTWI 79, PPI 122, SPI 9.

Other specimens: HL 0.630, 0.627, 0.685; HW 0.663, 0.667, 0.708; HC 0.596, 0.591, 0.617; SL 0.598, 0.595, 0.631; EL 0.147, 0.168, 0.182; A11L 0.279; A11W 0.139; A10L 0.145; A10W 0.114; A09L 0.074; A09W 0.080; A08L 0.051; A08W 0.060; WL 0.733, 0.752, 0.788; SPL 0.078, 0.074, 0.081; PTH 0.196, 0.181, 0.217; PTL 0.251, 0.265, 0.314; PTW 0.200, 0.205, 0.259; PPL 0.182, 0.159, 0.192; PPW 0.211, 0.139, 0.243; CI 105, 106, 103; OI 23, 27, 27; SI 95, 95, 92; PTHI 78, 68, 69; PTWI 80, 77, 82; PPI 116, 87, 127; SPI 11, 10, 10; ACI 0.86.

Queen

In lateral profile dorsal face of propodeum sloping obliquely from postscutellum, such that most of propodeum is posterior to scutellum (in contrast to normal queens, in which dorsal face of propodeum drops steeply from postscutellum and much of propodeum appears ventral to scutellum and postscutellum, Fig. 1); entire body (head, mesosoma, petiole, postpetiole, fourth abdominal tergite, appendages) polished, very smooth and shiny; mandible smooth and shiny, subfalcate, basal and masticatory margins not differentiated, masticatory margin with a large, sharp apical tooth preceded by a series of small denticles; anterior margin of clypeus emarginate; clypeus flat; antennal club three-segmented; scapes with abundant long erect setae; face, mesosomal dorsum, petiole, postpetiole, fourth abdominal tergite, and legs with abundant long erect white setae, those on tibiae particularly long, much longer than width of tibia; dorsal face of pronotum perpendicular, at right angle to anterior collar, recessed beneath mesonotum; propodeal spines absent; petiole trapezoidal in lateral view, with ventrally directed, triangular, anteroventral tooth; dorsal face subrectangular, slightly longer than wide; posterodorsal face longer than typical of other CrematogasterHNS, portion of petiole posterior to dorsal face forming a cylinder about two thirds length of dorsal face; postpetiole with short, acute ventral tooth; postpetiolar dorsum globular (unlike worker), dorsally convex and posterior margin rounded, not emarginate; size characters as in Figures 4 and 5.

Etymology

This species is named after the raptorial nature of the queen mandibles.

Biology

Crematogaster raptorHNS occurs in lowland wet forest habitats. I first collected the species in Corcovado National Park on the Osa Peninsula. In a study of visitors to the extrafloral nectaries of a PassifloraHNS species, the new shoots of one plant were always occupied by this species of CrematogasterHNS. After following activity on this plant for two years, I traced the workers back to their nest. The nest was a small mass of carton wedged between a rotten stick and a live stem, about 1.5m above the ground. This collection yielded workers only.

I encountered a second colony while collecting on Cerro Tortuguero on the north Atlantic coast. Workers and brood were densely packed in a dead, square-stemmed vine. The vine, 2-3cm diameter, was fragmented and nothing but a thin papery shell. Also associated with the fragmented vine was a globular carton nest about 10cm wide. The carton was mainly a shell with a few internal partitions, and was bare of epiphytes. Workers were tending Homoptera on various branches around the nest. In addition to workers and brood, I found two teneral winged queens and a male in the carton nest.

At La Selva Biological Station, the species is known from a single queen. Adrienne Nicotra discovered a small single-queened colony of C. carinataHNS in a live stem of Siparuna tonduziana (Monimiaceae). Coinhabiting this nest was a single dealate queen of C. raptorHNS. This observation, along with the shininess of the queen and the strongly falcate mandibles, suggest temporary social parasitism as a mechanism of colony founding.

The only other collection of C. raptorHNS is stray workers taken during nocturnal collecting in forest along the Rio Pacuare, at 200m elevation.

Comments

The salient feature of this species is the greatly reduced propodeal spines, which are no more than low tumosities or ridges. The only other Costa Rican species with such reduced propodeal spines is montezumiaHNS, which has a partially punctate face and appressed tibial pilosity. In contrast, raptorHNS has a shiny face and erect tibial pilosity.

This species is very similar to indefensa KempfHNS 1968. It shares with indefensaHNS a lack of propodeal spines and a shiny queen with falcate mandibles. It differs in the presence of abundant flexuous setae and a more robust petiole. Crematogaster indefensaHNS is known from a 1000m elevation site in Bolivia.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in wet forest, 7 times found in montane wet forest, 4 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in montane wet forest, in matrix of pasture and forest, probabl old 2nd growth, 1 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in Sendero Sarapiqui, 1 times found in mature rainforest, edge of forest near pasture and agricultural land, steep rocky terrain, 1 times found in mature rainforest, near pasture edge, small stream through forest, 1 times found in mature wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead vine stem, 7 times Sobre Vegetacion, 3 times on efn Passiflora pittieri, 3 times beating veg., 2 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times wet forest, 1 times One clump of Passiflora pittieri plants (#925k) was continuously occupied (visit, 1 times on low vegetation.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times Sweeping, 5 times search, 3 times beating, 2 times miniWinkler, 1 times beating low vegetation.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 850 meters, 191 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype raptor: jtlc000001412; paratype of Crematogaster raptor: jtlc000001413; Paratype raptor: jtlc000001414, jtlc000001415, jtlc000001416, jtlc000001417, jtlc000001418, jtlc000001419



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