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Endemic to Costa Rica. Costa Rica: Atlantic slope (Cordillera Volcanica Central) below 500m.
This species is known from few collections. Earlier records are almost all from shipments of orchids intercepted at U.S. quarantine stations (Kempf 1958, Andrade and Baroni Urbani 1999). My own collections have all been from the Atlantic slope rainforest on the Cordillera Volcanica Central. The one nest collection I have made was from a recent treefall at La Selva Biological Station. It was from a part of the treefall with a big branch of Stryphnodendron excelsum, some smaller Pentaclethra macroloba branches, and a tangled mass of Norantea sessilis. There were two Cephalotes nests in different parts of a live Norantea stem. One stem was 12mm and the other 15mm in diameter. In the field I thought they were part of one polydomous colony, because they were in such close proximity, but I later discovered that one nest was C. curvistriatus and the other was C. maculatus.
Other than this nest collection, I have seen workers from three other canopy samples from La Selva, and two canopy samples from a 500m elevation site in Braulio Carrillo National Park above La Selva.
Andrade, M. L. de, and C. Baroni Urbani. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaontologie) 271:1-889.
Creighton, W. S. 1963. Further studies on the habits of Cryptocerus texanus Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 70:133-143.
Creighton, W. S. 1967. Studies on free colonies of Cryptocerus texanus Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 74:34-41.
Creighton, W. S., Gregg, R. E. 1954. Studies on the habits and distribution of Cryptocerus texanus Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 61:41-57.
Forel, A. 1899. Biologia Centrali-Americana 3 (Formicidae). 169pp, London.
Kempf, W. W. 1958. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.)1:1-168.
Longino, J. T., Wheeler, J. 1987. Ants in live oak galls in Texas. National Geographic Research 3:125-127.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in CCL 400, 5 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in roadside (edge of gardens), 2 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in CCL 840M, 1 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in CC1500m., 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in mature rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ex dead twig of Ficus, 1 times in fresh treefall, nest in live Norantea stem, 2 times beating vegetation, 1 times on canopy stems of Guarea guidonia, 1 times in treefall, 1 times ex Sacoglottis trichogyna (Humiriaceae), 1 times Copa de arbol, 1 times strays in canopy, 1 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times recent treefall, 1 times on low vegetation, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times Fogging, 4 times Malaise, 2 times beating, 2 times Search, 1 times mostly beating vegetation, some hand collections from treefall, 1 times Sweeping.
Elevations: collected from 50 - 845 meters, 295 meters average