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Species: Centromyrmex decessor   Bolton & Fisher, 2008 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Centromyrmex decessor Bolton & Fisher, 2008C PDF: 17, figs. 11, 12 (w.q.m.) GABON. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2008, Afrotropical ants of the ponerine genera Centromyrmex Mayr, Promyopias Santschi gen. rev. and Feroponera gen. n., with a revised key to genera of African Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1929, pp. 1-37

Centromyrmex decessor Bolton & FisherHNS sp. n.

(Figs 11-12)

HOLOTYPE WORKER. TL 7.9, HL 1.28, HW 1.34, CI 105, ML 0.94, MI 73, SL 0.94, SI 70, PW 1.12, WL 2.32.

With characters of the genus and the feaeHNS group. Masticatory margin of mandible with 5 low-triangular blunted teeth separated by feebly concave diastemata that are much longer than the teeth are high. Margins of diastemata are unarmed or have reduced denticles or crenulation between the main teeth. Mandibles smooth with scattered small punctures. Head capsule slightly broader than long in full-face view. Dorsum of head with scattered punctures on smooth cuticle, the punctures denser on the sides of the head, especially anteriorly, and also with weak striation or punctate-striation within the antennal fossae. Pronotum more sharply marginate anteriorly, more bluntly laterally. Pronotal dorsum a flat to shallowly convex plateau behind the margination. Mesonotum weakly marginate behind the promesonotal suture. In profile the sloping face of the propodeum behind the mesonotum forms a long, deep concavity and the posterior propodeum is raised into a distinct tumulus. Metatibia with a few darkly coloured spiniform setae near the apex of the dorsum, and with similar but more numerous setae on the apical third of the anterior surface. Orifice of propodeal spiracle higher than wide but elliptical, not slit-shaped. Petiole node in dorsal view broader than long. Subpetiolar process short-spiniform. Petiolar spiracle on the peduncle, at base of anterior face of node. Pronotal dorsum, and anterior mesonotum, with widely scattered broad, shallow punctures that may be almost effaced. Pronotum also with vestiges of some very weak oblique costulae. Colour glossy brownish yellow to light brown, the head and mandibles darkest, the gaster lightest in shade.

PARATYPIC AND NON-PARATYPIC WORKERS. TL 7.0-7.9, HL 1.18-1.30, HW 1.20-1.34, CI 102- 105, ML 0.85-0.96, MI 71-75, SL 0.84-0.96, SI 70-75, PW 0.94-1.12, WL 2.04-2.34 (11 measured). As holotype but mandible with 5-6 larger teeth. Sculpture of pronotum and anterior mesonotum dosally is variable. In some the punctures are more sharply defined than in others, and the weak pronotal costulae may be easily visible to almost effaced. In the most weakly sculptured individuals the punctures are little more than vague depressions in the surface.

QUEEN. TL 9.3-9.80, HL 1.36-1.40, HW 1.42-1.43, CI 102-104, OI 28-29, ML 0.96, MI 69-71, SL 1.35-1.38, SI 70-71, PW 2.84-2.86 (2 measured). The queen will run out in the key to workers. In particular, the unique dentition of the worker is duplicated in the queen caste.

MALE. Known; see under diagnosis of genus.

Holotype worker (top specimen of three on pin), Gabon: Prov. Woleu-Ntem, 31.3 km. 108° ESE Minvoul, 2°04.8'N, 12°24.4'E, 600 m., 14.ii. 1998, # 1716-1, ex rotten log, rainforest (B.L. Fisher) (CASC).

Paratypes. 4 workers with same data as holotype (2 are middle and bottom specimens on same pin as holotype); 2 workers with same data but # 1699-1; 1 worker with same data but # 1719-1; 1 worker with same data but # 1725-2 (CASC).

The dentition of the mandible is unique among Afrotropical species. The number of thickened spiniform setae on the anterior surface of the metatibia varies from 5 to 7, but 6 appears to be the number most commonly encountered, all located on about the apical third of the length of the metatibia. C. decessorHNS is easily separated from the much larger raptorHNS by the characters noted in the key.

Non-paratypic material examined. Cameroun: Ottotomo (A. Dejean); Kala (A. Dejean). Democratic Republic of Congo: (Zaire (Congo) on data label) Yangambi Reserve (Raignier & van Boven); N of Kapona (Ross & Leech).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times ex rotten log.

Elevations: collected at 600 m

Type specimens: Holotype: casent0178744; paratype: casent0175376, casent0175377, casent0175378, casent0178745



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