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Species: Camponotus salvini   Forel, 1899 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Camponotus salvini Forel, 1899i PDF: 153, pl. 4, fig. 26 (s.w.) PANAMA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Camponotus salvini Emery, 1896g PDF: 36. Nomen nudum, attributed to Forel.].

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica, Panama. Costa Rica: rainforest habitats of mid-elevation Atlantic slope, and Osa Peninsula.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species inhabits rainforest habitats. I have observed diurnal foragers on low vegetation, and I have seen three nests. All three have been from live stems of understory or forest edge plants. One nest was in two internodes of a 3m tall Cecropia sapling. The nest contained workers, soldiers, and brood, but no queen, which suggests the species may be polydomous. Another nest was in internodes of a Cecropia insignis sapling. A third nest was in the main stem of an understory tree sapling. The sapling was leaning across a rainforest trail, and we cut it with a machete to pass by. The stem was 3-4cm in diameter, and ant workers poured out when we made the cut. Further dissection revealed a nest in a clean but irregular chamber, more than a meter long, in the first two meters of the sapling trunk. Gary Hartshorn tentatively identified the sapling as Talisia in the Sapindaceae.

References:

Forel, A. 1899. Biologia Centrali-Americana; or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Insecta. Hymenoptera. 3 (Formicidae). London. 169 pp.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 28 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in primary wet forest, 7 times found in lowland rainforest, 6 times found in tropical rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in mature cloud forest, 2 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in forest/pasture edge, montane wet forest, 1 times found in road edge through tall wet forest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, some big trees, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 17 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times nest in live stems understory treelet, 4 times beating veg., 4 times beating vegetation, 4 times Malaise trap, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times ex Cecropia sapling, 3 times at bait, 3 times strays, 3 times on low vegetation, 2 times foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 17 times Sweeping, 8 times beating, 5 times search, 5 times Foggin, 5 times Malaise, 4 times Malaise trap, 3 times baiting, 2 times miniWinkler, 1 times beating vegetation (2 hours), 1 times beating vegetation (3 hours), 1 times maxiWinkler, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 990 meters, 477 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus salvini: casent0903627, casent0903628



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