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The type series described by Mayr was collected from Ovalau. The majors examined from Ovalau for this study have a reddish brown head and antennae, a yellow brown mesosoma and matching legs, and a contrasting dark brown gaster. The clypeus bears a well-defined median carinae that terminates before reaching the anterior border. The clypeus and the cheeks are both marked with broken longitudinal carinae. The minor workers have a yellow brown head, a pale yellow mesosoma and a contrasting dark brown gaster.
The situation on Viti Levu is quite confusing. For example, the full spectrum of color variation occurs sympatrically in Vaturu Dam area on the western part of the island. Nest series of dark specimens (e.g., CASENT0187042), strongly bicolored specimens (lighter mesosoma and head, darker gaster, e.g., CASENT0187099), and uniformly light specimens (e.g., CASENT0187262) were all collected from the exact same locality (Vaturu Dam 575 b). Although the strength of the sculpture is weakly associated with color (darker specimens with heavier sculpture), majors of all the aforementioned series exhibit a strongly-defined median carinae that extends to the apical margin of the clypeus, and all specimens exhibit longitudinal rugae on their cheeks.
The trend of color and sculpture found at the Vaturu Dam area is broken by the major workers collected from the Koroyanitu area less than ten kilometers to the west. There, the majors (e.g., CASENT0187078) are darker than any from the Vaturu Dam area, but their facial sculpture is as weak as any specimens of this group collected from the archipelago. These specimens correspond well to C. mayriella reported by Mann. The clypeus is entirely smooth except for a weak median carina that terminates well before attaining the anterior margin, and the cheeks are marked by only one or two very weak and short carinulae near their anterior margins. Although no majors of other color types were collected, the minors show the same color variation as in Vaturu Dam.
In the Nadarivatu area, the major workers (e.g., CASENT0187185, CASENT0187149) closely approximate those of the Vaturu Dam site with respect to facial sculpture, and exhibit the bicolored appearance with the lighter head and mesosoma contrasting with a darker gaster. This combination of sculpture and color approximates the description of C. maudelladescribed by Mann from Waiyanitu, and also reported from Nadarivatu and Taveuni. An aberrant single major worker (CASENT0187269) of relatively uniform yellow brown color was collected from the Monasavu Dam region. The head is larger than those of the Nadarivatu majors, and the clypeus cheeks and mandibles are covered in a dense, thickly developed rugoreticulum from which individual rugae are impossible to separate. Minor workers from the Nadarivatu area also include the uniformly light individuals that correspond to C. maudella var. seemanni Mann, described from Nadarivatu.
In Kadavu, two varieties of majors were collected. One variety [e.g., CASENT0187304] has the lighter head and mesosoma contrasting sharply with a dark gaster. The facial sculpture is defined by strong median carinae running the length of the clypeus, which, like the cheeks, is otherwise marked by weak and short rugae. The other variety [e.g., CASENT0187350] is uniformly light in color. In addition to the strong median carinae, the clypeus and the cheeks are both covered in regular, long well-defined rugae. Although dark majors are absent from the collection, there are many uniformly dark minor workers. The other minor workers collected from the island are all strongly bicolored, with the yellow brown head and mesosoma and the dark gaster. The major worker of Camponotus janussus Bolton from Kadavu was described as having a particularly long head. However, the material examined shows considerable variation in the heads of majors with respect to both the size and shape, and the differences are not deemed significant enough to warrant status as a species distinct fromC. polynesicus as defined here.
On Vanua Levu, the entire spectrum of variety is expressed. There are uniformly light colored majors (e.g., CASENT0187242) and majors with contrasting dark gasters (e.g., CASENT018712), both with well-defined carinae on the clypeus and cheeks. There are also strongly bicolored majors (e.g., CASENT018723) and uniformly dark majors (e.g., CASENT0177854) that both have a smooth clypeus (with the exception of the median carinae), and smooth cheeks. One uniformly light major from the Natewa Peninsula (CASENT0187376) even approaches the Monasavu Dam major in the amount of rugoreticulate sculpture on its clypeus and cheeks, though distinct rugae can be identified.
The only major examined from Taveuni has a reddish brown head and mesosoma contrasting with a darker gaster, and moderately developed facial sculpturing. Again, minor workers of all varieties are present. On Koro, nest series of a very dark form and a paler form with a dark abdomen were collected. The face of the dark form major is marked only by a median clypeal carina. The face of the paler form is much reduced in sculpture. Finally, on Gau, the darkest majors (e.g., CASENT0187106) have the most sculptured faces, while the uniformly light major (e.g., CASENT0187494) and the more bicolored major (e.g., CASENT0187940) have strongly reduced facial sculpture.