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Extant: 2 valid subspecies
Caribbean, Costa Rica, south to Brazil, Peru (Bill Mackay, pers. comm.). Costa Rica: Atlantic and southern Pacific lowlands.
This is a relatively uncommon species. It occurs in lowland wet forest habitats. It has been collected several times in canopy fogging samples at La Selva Biological Station. At Llorona, in Corcovado National Park, I found a nest in an old banana patch along beach. The nest was in a hollow twig, 2m high, inside diameter 4.5mm, outside diameter 7mm.
At Puerto Viejo de Limon, in beach strand vegetation, I found a few workers in a small dead stick. Curiously, the workers ran with Azteca workers in the vicinity and blended in with them. Similarly, at San Pedrillo station in Corcovado National Park, I found C. pittieri and Azteca workers running together on Passiflora pittieri shoots, visiting extrafloral nectaries. Does this species have a special relationship with Azteca?
Forel, A. 1885 ("1884"). ƒtudes myrmŽcologiques en 1884 avec une description des organes sensoriels des antennes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 20:316-380.
Forel, A. 1899. Formicidae. [concl.]. Biol. Cent. Am. Hym. 3:137-160.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in second growth vegetation, 2 times found in CCL 400 m, 3 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in forest, 2 times found in CCL 700m., 1 times found in beach, 1 times found in beach strand vegetation.
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead twig, 1 times on recently felled-trees, 1 times strays, 1 times on Passiflora pittieri extrafloral nectaries, 1 times in dead branch, parabiotic with Azteca.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times Fogging, 1 times search.
Elevations: collected from 5 - 50 meters, 24 meters average